ECHR: DECISIONS REGARDING RELIGIOUS FREEDOM / CHURCH

Notes

  • This compilation is not exhaustive.
  • On the homepage of the European Court of Human Rights further information can be accessed.
  • All decision specified here are in principle contained in HUDOC. Use "Advanced Search" and select in the left box "Judgements" and "Decisions". Now enter your search terms and start your search.
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Outline

Update: 17.10.2012

Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights

  • Date
  • Parties

Catchword

  • Application number
  • Reference
  • Full text of the decision (until 27.02.2007)

16.10.2012

Schilder v. The Netherlands

Sound volume of church bells, inadmissible

2158/12

HUDOC

25.09.2012

Jehovah's Witnesses v. Austria

Tax exemption, employment permit, different treatment of religious societies and religious comminuties, violation of art. 9

27540/05

HUDOC

18.09.2012

ÁSATRÚARFÉLAGID v. Iceland

Fund for the support of the church, equal treatment of the state church and other religious associations, inadmissible

22897/08

HUDOC

17.07.2012

Fusu Arcadie a. o. v. Republic of Moldova

Refusing the registration of a religious denomination of the Christian Orthodox Church, violation of art. 9

22218/06

HUDOC

17.07.2012

Tarhan v. Turkey

Refusing military service for reasons of conscious, violation of art. 9

9078/0

HUDOC

10.07.2012

SGP v. The Netherlands

Religious motivated political party, subsidies, discrimination of women, inadmissible

58369/10

HUDOC

12.06.2012

E. M. a. o. v. Romania

Clerical service in a hospital, inadmissible

20192/07

HUDOC

12.06.2012

HIZB UT-TAHRIR a. o. v. Germany

Proscription of an association, classifying an association as religious group or political party, inadmissible

31098/08

HUDOC

12.06.2012

Savda v. Turkey

Refusing military service for reasons of conscious, violation of art. 9

4273/05

HUDOC

29.05.2012

Sociedad Anonima del Ucieza v. Spain

Ownership of an estate with religious buildings, damages

38963/08

HUDOC

15.05.2012

Bulgura v. Rumania

Demonstration against religious leadership, condemnation to pay damages, inadmissible

222707/05

HUDOC

03.04.2012

Francesco Sessa v. Italy

Determination of a hearing, Jewish holiday, no violation of art. 9

28790/08

HUDOC

12.01.2012

DEMİRTAŞ v. Turkey

Jehovah’s Witnesses, refusing military service, violation of art. 9)

5260/07

HUDOC

10.01.2012

Tsaturyan v. Armenia

Jehovah’s Witnesses, refusing military service, violation of art. 9)

37821/03

HUDOC

10.01.2010

 Bukharatyan v. Armenia

Jehovah’s Witnesses, refusing military service, violation of art. 9)

37819/03

HUDOC

22.11.2011

ERÇEP v. Turkey

Jehovah’s Witnesses, refusing military service, violation of art. 9)

43965/04

HUDOC

03.11.2011

Dimitras a. o. v. Greece

Taking of an oath, judiciary, freedom of religious conscious, violation of art. 9

34207/08, 6365/09

HUDOC

07.07.2011

Bayatyan v. Armenia

Jehovah’s Witnesses, refusing military service, violation of art. 9)

 (Decision of Grand Chamber, court decision 27.10.2009)

23459/03

HUDOC

30.06.2011

Jehovah’s Witnesses v. France

Status of Jehovah’s Witnesses, taxation of donations, violation of art. 9

8916/05

HUDOC

28.06.2011

Ouardiri v. Suisse

Interdiction of building minarets in Suisse, victim, inadmissible

65840/09

HUDOC

18.03.2011

Lautsi a. o. v. Italy

Crucifix in classrooms. No violation of art. 9 (Court decision 03.11.2009)

30814/06

HUDOC

17.02.2011

Wasmuth v. Germany

Declaration of religious denomination on wage tax card. No violation of art. 9

12884/03

HUDOC

03.02.2011

Siebenhaar v. Germany

Ecclesiastic employer, dismissal for reasons of disloyalty. No violation of art. 9

18136/02

HUDOC

27.01.2011

Boychev v. Bulgaria

Religious practice, acceptance of a religious congregation. Violation of art. 9

77185/01

HUDOC

20.01.2011

Herrmann v. Germany

Compulsory membership in a hunting association. No violation of art. 9

9300/07

HUDOC

14.12.2010

O'Donoghue v. United Kingdom

Marriage, certificate of approval, immigrants. Violation of art. 9, 12, 14

34848/07

HUDOC

09.12.2010

Savez Crkava “RIJEČ ŽIVOTA“  and others v. Croatia

religious congregation, governmental acceptance, religious practice. Violation of art. 14 in association with art. 9

7798/08

HUDOC

07.12.2010

Jakobski v. Poland

Buddhism, meals in prison. Violation of art. 9

18429/06

HUDOC

21.09.2010

Jehovah's Witnessess v. France

taxation of donations (decision as to the admissibility - admissible)

8916/05

HUDOC

15.06.2010

Grzelak v. Poland

Religious education in school, alternatives, violation of art. 14,9

7710/02

HUDOC

10.06.2010

Jehovah's Witnesses of Moscow v. Russia

Jehova's Wittnesses, registration of a religious group, violation of art. 9, 11

302/02

HUDOC

03.06.2010

Dimitras a. o. v. Turkey

Swearing in of a wittness in court, violation of art. 9

42837/06

3237/07

3269/07

35793/07

6099/08

HUDOC

23.02.2010

Ahmet Arslan a. o. v. Turkey

Religious clothes in public, violation of art. 9

41135/98

HUDOC

02.02.2010

Sinan IŞIK v. Turkey

Denomination of religious affiliation, identity card, violation of art. 9

21924/05

HUDOC

10.12.2009

Koppi v. Austria

Liberation of civil service, no violation of art. 9

33001/03

HUDOC

03.11.2009

Lautsi v. Italy

Crucifix in classrooms, violation of art. 9 (refrerral to Grand Chamber - judgement 18.03.2011)

30814/06

HUDOC

27.10.2009

Bayatyan v. Armenia

Jehova's Wittnesses, refusal of military service, no violation of art. 9

(referral to Grand Chamber – judgement 07.07.2011)

23459/03

HUDOC

01.10.2009

Kimlya v. Russia

Scientology, registration of a religious group, violation of art. 9, 11

76836/01

32782/03

HUDOC

15.09.2009

MIROĻUBOVS v. Latvia

freedom of association, acceptance of a religious community, violation of art. 9

798/05

HUDOC

30.06.2009

Aktas/Bayrak/Ghazal/Gamaleddyn v. France

Islam, headscarf, school, inadmissible

43563(08

14308/08

29134/08

18527/08

HUDOC

30.06.2009

Singh v. France

Sikh, turban, school, inadmissible

25463/08

27561/08

HUDOC

16.06.2009

ASSOCIATION SOLIDARITE DES FRANCAISES v. France

Welfareorganisation, discrimination, pork, inadmissible

26707/07

HUDOC

12.05.2009

Masaev v. Moldova

Muslims, practising religion, violation of art. 9

6303/05

HUDOC

12./19.03.2009

Löffelmann v. Austria

Gütl v. Austria

Lang v. Austria

Jehova's Wittnesses, liberation from military service, violation of art. 14 in association with art. 9

42967/98

49686/99

28648/03

HUDOC

12.02.2009

Nolan and K. v. Russia

Freedom of religion, violation of art. 9, unification church (rev. Moon), refusing the entry to Russia

2512/04

HUDOC

22.01.2009

Holy Synod of the Bulgarian orthodox church (Metropolitain Inokenity) a.o. v. Bulgaria

Separation of church, official recognition, violation of art. 9

412/03

35677/04

HUDOC

04.12.2008

Dogru v. France

Kervanci v. France

Headscarf, physical education, expulsion from school, no violation of art. 9

27058/05

31645/04

HUDOC

13.11.2008

Mann Singh v. France

Sikh, passport photo with turban, inadmissible concerning art. 9

24479/07

HUDOC

06.11.2008

Leela Förderkreis a.o. v. Germany

Official warning/information, Osho movement, freedom of religion, no violation of art. 9

58911/00

HUDOC

23.09.2008

Ahtinen v. Finland

pastor, relocation, recourse to the courts, no violation of art. 6

48907/99

HUDOC

31.07.2008

Jehovah's Witnesses a.o. v. Austria

Recognition as religious society, Recognition Act 1874, violation of art 9

40825/98

HUDOC

21.02.2008

Alexandridis v. Greece

Freedom of religion, violation of art. 9, ceremonial / religious adjuration

19516/06

HUDOC

29.11.2007

ISMAILOVA v. Russia

Freedom of religion, Jehova's witness, child custody

37614/02

HUDOC

08.11.2007

PERRY v. Latvia

Freedom of religion, violation of art. 9, freedom of profession, residence permit

30273/03

HUDOC

09.10.2007

HASAN und EYLEM ZENGİN v. Turkey

Freedom of religion, violation of art. 2 of protocol no. 1, religious education in school

1448/04

HUDOC

18.09.2007

Greek church of Munich and Bavaria v. Germany

Duty of the state to surrender a sacral building to a religious congregation (decision as to the admissibility - inadmissible)

52336/99

HUDOC

29.06.2007

FOLGERØ a.o. v. Norway

religious education in school, violation of art. 2 of protocol no. 1

15472/02

HUDOC

14.06.2007

Svyato-Mykhaylivska Parafiya v. Ukraine

Freedom of religion, violation of art. 9, membership of a parrish

77703/01

HUDOC

03.05.2007

97 members of the Gldani congregation of Jehovah's witnesses and 4 others v. Georgia

Freedom of religion, protection of religious minorities, violation of art. 3, 9

71156/01

HUDOC
 

12.04.2007

Ivanova v. Bulgaria

Freedom of religion, protection against discrimination, violation of art. 9

52435/99

HUDOC

05.04.2007

Affaire Kavakci v. Turkey

Freedom of religion, right to manifest one's religion, secularisms, Islamic headscarf, national educations

71907/01

HUDOC

05.04.2007

Church of Scientology Moscow v. Russia

Freedom of religion, freedom of assiciation, violation of art. 11, 9, victim art. 34

18147/02

HUDOC

27.02.2007

Biserica Adevarat Orthodoxa Din Moldova v.  Moldova

Freedom of religion, freedom of association, access to court, violation of art. 9 

952/03

HUDOC
decision

30.11.2006

Nolan and K. v.  Russia

Freedom of religion, deprivation of liberty, religious organisation, expulsion of foreign missionaries from Russia (decision as to the admissibility - partly admissible)

2512/04

HUDOC
decision

30.11.2006

Dmitrijevs v.  Lettonie

Freedom of religion, prison, religious assistance, deprivation of liberty, violation of art. 9 

61638/00

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

28.11.2006

Parry v.  the United Kingdom

Freedom of religion, marriage, religious beliefs, discrimination, respect for private life (decision as to the admissibility - inadmissible)

42971/05

HUDOC
decision

31.10.2006

Klein v. Slovakia

Larry Flynt – movie and advertisement, freedom of speech, violation of art. 10

72208/01

HUDOC

24.10.2006

Yuksektepe v.  Turkey

Freedom of religion, discrimination, religious beliefs, court 

62227/00

HUDOC
decision

24.10.2006

Vincent v. France

Manifest religion or belief, prison, place of veneration, religious assistance

6253/03

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

05.10.2006

The Moscow Branch of the Salvation Army v.  Russia

Freedom of religion, freedom of association, Salvation Army, religious organisation, registration 

72881/01

HUDOC
decision

11.09.2006

Fritz Konrad and others v. Germany

Right to education, respect for parents' religious convictions, discrimination (decision as to the admissibility - inadmissible)

35504/03

HUDOC
decision

27.07.2006

Güzel v. Turkey  (N° 2)

Freedom of expression, political speech, religious sentiments, incitation to hatred and hostility, violation of art. 6, 10 

65849/01

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

13.07.2006

Agga v. Greece (no° 4)

Mufti, appointment, teachings, manifest religion or belief, protection of public order.
Violation of art. 9.

33331/02

HUDOC
decision

13.07.2006

Agga v. Greece (no° 3)

Mufti, appointment, teachings, manifest religion or belief, protection of public order.
Violation of art. 9. 

32186/02

HUDOC
decision

06.07.2006

Erbakan v. Turkey  

Freedom of expression, political speech, religious sentiments, incitation to hatred and hostility.
Violation of 6-1 and 10.

59405/00

HUDOC
decision 
(only in French)

29.06.2006

Öllinger v. Austria

Freedom of assembly and of association, manifest religion or belief, religious tradition (All Saint's Day).
Violation of art. 11. 

76900/01

HUDOC
decision

02.05.2006

Aydin Tatlav v. Turkey  

Freedom of expression, publication, Islam, profanation of a religion, religious beliefs.
Violation of art. 6-1, 6-3 b) and 10.

50692/99

HUDOC
decision 
(only in French)

13.04.2006

Kosteski v. "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"

Manifest religion or belief, religious beliefs, work, Muslim religious holiday.
No violation of art. 9. 

55170/00

HUDOC
decision

04.04.2006

Güzel v. Turkey (Nr. 1)

Freedom of expression, political speech, religious sentiments, incitation to hatred and hostility.
Violation of art. 6-1. 

54479/00

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

31.01.2006

Giniewski v. France

Freedom of the press, art. 10, slandering, Christian Community, anti-Semitism

64016/00

HUDOC 
decision (only in French)

22.12.2005

Paturel v. France

Freedom of the press, art. 10, slandering, sect

54968/00

HUDOC 
decision (only in French)

10.11.2005

Leyla Sahin v. Turkey

Freedom of religion, right to manifest one's religion, secularisms, Islamic headscarf, higher-education, art. 9. (Grand Chamber)

44774/98

HUDOC 
decision

13.09.2005

I.A. v. Turkey

Freedom of expression, publication, hurting of religious sentiments, Islam.
No violation of art. 10.

42571/98

HUDOC 
decision (only in French)

12.07.2005

Müslüm Gündüz  v. Turkey (no° 2)

Church community, Islamic sect, dissolution of sect groups, violation of fundamental principles of the secular republic.
Violation of art. 6-1.

59997/00

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

19.05.2005

Diamantides  v. Greece (no° 2)

Criminal proceedings, presumption of innocence, sect, television program, libel.
Violation of art. 6.

71563/01

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

16.12.2004

Haut Conseil spirituel de la Communauté musulmane  ./. Bulgaria

Freedom to manifest one's religion, Muslim Community, elections, arbitrary State intervention. Violation of art. 9.

39023/97

HUDOC
decision

10.11.2004

Odabaşi  v. Turkey

Freedom of expression, publication, religious sentiments, incitation to hatred and hostility.
Violation of art.  10.

41618/98

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

29.06.2004

Zeynep Tekin  v. Turkey

Freedom of religion, right to manifest one's religion, secularisms, Islamic headscarf, higher-education, art. 9.

41556/98

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

29.06.2004

Leyla Şahin  v. Turkey

Freedom of religion, right to manifest one's religion, secularisms, Islamic headscarf, higher-education, art. 9.
(referred to the Grand Chamber - 10.11.2005) 

44774/98

HUDOC 
decision

24.06.2004

Vergos  v. Greece

Right to manifest one's religion, construction of a chapel, duration of administrative procedure.
No violation of art. 9 

65501/01

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

19.05.2004

Lotter et Lotter  v. Bulgaria

Discrimination, religion, Jehovah's Witness, arbitrary State intervention, order to leave the country, art. 9 

39015/97

HUDOC
decision

17.02.2004

Maestri v. Italy

Freedom of Association, judge, freemasonry, disciplinary rules. Violation of Art. 11

39748/98

HUDOC
decision

16.12.2003

Palau-Martinez v. France

Discrimination, religion, objective and reasonable justification, divorce, child custody, respect for private life. Violation of Art. 14, 8. Not necessary to examine Art. 8 alone, No separate issue under Arts. 6-1, 9 and 14+9

64927/01

HUDOC
decision

04.12.2003

Gündünz v. Turkey

Television program, statements, incitation to hatred and hostility, kemalism, Islamic movement. 
art. 9, 24 et 25.

35071/97

HUDOC
decision

12.11.2003

Socialist Party of Turkey (STP) and others v. Türkey

Freedom of association, national security (Art. 11), necessary in a democratic society (Art. 11). Violation of Art. 11. Not necessary to examine Art. 9, 10 and 14

26482/95

HUDOC 
decision (only in French) 

10.07.2003

Murphy v. Ireland

Freedom of expression, freedom to impart information, broadcasting an advertisement, protection of public order (Art. 10). No violation of Art. 10, applicability of Art. 9 denied

44179/98

HUDOC 
decision

29.04.2003

Poltoratskiy v. Ukraine

prison, inhuman treatment, prescribed by law, foresee ability, visit from a priest, manifest religion or belief, interference (Arts. 8, 9)

38812/97

HUDOC
decision

13.02.2003

Refah Partisi (The Welfare Party) and others v. Turkey

Freedom of association, laicity, Islam. "necessary in a democratic society"/pressing social need. No violation of Art. 11. Not necessary to examine Arts. 9, 10, 14, 17 and 18 (Grand Chamber)

41340/98
41342/98
41343/98
41344/98

HUDOC
decision

12.12.2002

Sofianopoulos and others v. Greece

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Identity card, record of religion, manifest religion or belief, data protection, impartial tribunal 

1988/02
1997/02
1977/02

HUDOC 
decision

10.12.2002

Dicle for the Democratic Party of Turkey (DEP) v. Turkey

Freedom of association, national security (Art. 11), necessary in a democratic society (Art. 11), proportionality, civil rights and obligations. Not necessary to examine Arts. 9, 10 and 14

25141/94

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

05.12.2002

Islamische Religions-gemeinschaft e.V. v. Germany

Freedom of religion, religious association, muslim faith, trust.

53871/00

HUDOC
decision

17.10.2002

Agga v. Greece

Mufti, appointment, manifest religion or belief, interference, public order, necessary in a democratic society. Violation of Art. 9 

50776/99
52912/99

HUDOC
decision

11.07.2002

Ozler v. Turkey

impartial tribunal, independent tribunal, criminal proceedings, freedom of expression, struck out of the list (see: Commission no. 25753/94) 

25753/94

HUDOC
decision

11.06.2002

Selim Sadak and others v. Turkey    

dissolution of party and free elections, stand for election, free expression of opinion of people, no violation of Arts. 7, 9, 10, 11, 14

25144/94
26149/95 bis 26154/95
27100/95
27101/95

HUDOC
decision

04.06.2002

Usta v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

39070/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

04.05.2002

Isik v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible)  army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

39071/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

29.04.2002

Pretty v. the United Kingdom

Inhuman and degrading treatment, respect for private life, Art. 9, assistance with suicide

2346/02

HUDOC
decision

09.04.2002

Cisse v. France

Right to freedom of peaceful assembly, religious workship, church, public sanitary, evacuation.
No violation of art. 11 

51346/99

HUDOC
decision

05.03.2002

Fidan v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, practice of religion

34537/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

13.12.2001

Metropolitain Church of Bessarabia and others v. Moldava

Freedom of religion, freedom of association, discrimination, legal status, recognition. Violation of Art. 9 ; Not necessary to examine Art. 14+9.Violation of Art. 13 ; Not necessary to examine Art. 6-1 et Art. 11

45701/99

HUDOC
decision

30.10.2001

Devlin v. the United Kingdom

Discrimination on grounds of religion, labor law

29545/95

HUDOC
decision

09.10.2001

Demirhan v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible)  army, religious convictions, prayer

38603/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

Köse v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

36594/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

09.10.2001

Ates v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

35081/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

Gezer v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

35069/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

Balcik v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

34479/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

09.10.2001

Corbaci v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

32359/96

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

Inkaya and others v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

31990/96

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

Genel v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf, prayer

36200/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

Can v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

36196/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

Dalgic v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf  

36198/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.10.2001

A.C. v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, Islamic scarf 

37960/97

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

02.10.2001

Pichon and Sajous v. France

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of religion, pharmacy, products for prevention

49853/99

HUDOC
decision

11.09.2001

Erdem v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) education in religious and ethical affairs,  teaching, freedom of religion

26328/95

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

11.09.2001

Tepeli and others v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, religious convictions, retirement

31876/96

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

28.08.2001

Bruno v. Sweden

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of religion, church tax

32196/96

HUDOC
decision

28.08.2001

Lundberg v. Sweden

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of religion, church tax

36846/97

HUDOC
decision

31.07.2001

Refah Partisi (prosperity party) and others v. Turkey

Freedom of association, secularism, Islam. "Necessary" in a democratic society/pressing social need. No violation of Art. 11 ; Not necessary to examine Art. 9, 10, 14, 17 and 18 ; Not necessary to examine P1-1 and P1-3 
(referred to the Grand Chamber - 13.02.2003)

41340/98
41342/98
41343/98
41344/98

HUDOC
decision

20.07.2001

Pellegrini v. Italy

Church court, marriage, annulment

30882/96

HUDOC
decision

10.07.2001

Johannische Kirche & Peters v. Germany

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Christian church community, graveyard, construction

41754/98

HUDOC
decision

26.06.2001

Saniewski v. Poland

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of religion, religious education, religious and philosophical convictions, discrimination on grounds of religion

40319/98

HUDOC
decision

14.06.2001

Alujer Fernandez and Caballero Garcia v. Spain

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Baptist evangelical Church of Spain, tax, discrimination

53072/99

HUDOC
decision

04.05.2001

Mc Kerr v. the United Kingdom

Discrimination, religion

28883/95

HUDOC
decision

04.05.2001

Shanaghan v. the United Kingdom

Discrimination, religion

37715/97

HUDOC
decision

04.05.2001

Kelly and others v. the United Kingdom

Discrimination, religion

30054/96

HUDOC
decision

03.05.2001

Stefanov v. Bulgaria

Jehovah's Witness, objection to military service

32438/96

HUDOC
decision

15.02.2001

Dahlab  v. Switzerland

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of manifest one's religion, teacher, Islamic headscarf 

42393/98

HUDOC
decision

18.01.2001

Zaoui v. Switzerland

(decision on the admissibility of the application   inadmissible). Freedom of Religion, victim, freedom of expression, "necessary" in a democratic society/pressing social need (Art 10) national security (Art 10), public safety (Art 10). Islamism, propaganda.

41615/98

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

14.12.2000

Institute of french priests and others v. Turkey

Freedom of religion, place of veneration, expropriation

26308/95

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

26.10.2000

Hasan and Chaouch v. Bulgaria

Freedom of manifest one's religion, Mufti, Muslim religion

30985/96

HUDOC
decision

27.06.2000

Cha'are Shalom ve Tsedek v. France

Jewish cultural association, shehita (ritual slaughter)

27417/95

HUDOC
decision

25.05.2000

Jimenez Alonso and Jimenez Merino v. Spain

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) respect for parents' religious convictions, teaching, sexual education

51188/99

HUDOC
decision

06.04.2000

Thlimmenos v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, objection to military service 

34369/97

HUDOC
decision

23.03.2000

Kohn v. Germany

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Council of the Jewish community in Germany, freedom of religion, autonomy of the church communities

47021/99

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

14.12.1999

Serif v. Greece

Islam, Mufti, election, organizational autonomy. Violation of Art. 9; Not necessary to examine Art. 10

38178/97

HUDOC
decision

14.12.1999

Gluchowski and others v. France

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Jehovah’s Witnesses,  sect, freedom of religion, freedom of association

44789/98

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

14.10.1999

C.R. v. Switzerland

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) sect, interference, protection of public order 

40130/98

HUDOC
decision (only in French) 

24.08.1999

Josephides v. Turkey

(decision on the admissibility of the application  - partially admissible / partially inadmissible) impossibility of practicing religion, orthodox cult

21887/93

HUDOC decision (only in French)

27.04.1999

Martins Casimiro and Cerveira Ferreira v. Luxembourg

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible), Seventh-Day Adventist Church, school, practice of religion

44888/98

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

09.03.1999

Riera Blume and others v. Spain

(decision on the admissibility of the application  - partially admissible / partially inadmissible) sect, inhuman treatments, deprivation of liberty, freedom of conscience

37680/97

HUDOC
decision

18.02.1999

Buscarini, Della Balda and Manzaroli v. San Marino

Religious formula for the attestation of parliamentarians, freedom of religion

24645/94

HUDOC
decision

NJW 1999, 2957
NVwZ 1999, 1209 (LS)
GH 1999-I

21.01.1999

Tsavachidis v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, freedom of association, legal opening of a place of worship

28802/95

HUDOC
decision

10.07.1998

Sidiropoulos and others v. Greece

Art. 11, Freedom of association, religious association

26695/95

HUDOC
decision

24.02.1998

Larissis and others v. Greece

Missionary work, Pentecostal church

23372/94
26377/94
26378/94

HUDOC decision 

GH 1998-I

30.01.1998

The United Communist Party of Turkey and others v. Turkey

Art. 11, Freedom of association, religious association

19392/92

HUDOC
decision

16.12.1997

Canea Catholic Church v. Greece

Recognition, legal status of a parish, property

25528/94

HUDOC
decision

GH 1997-VIII

01.09.1997

Holy Monasteries v. Greece

Relations between state and church, orthodox church, property, freedom of association

13092/87
13984/88

HUDOC
decision (only in French)

GH 1997-V

01.07.1997

Kalaç v. Turkey

Compulsory retirement, membership in a sect

20704/92

HUDOC
decision

09.06.1997

Pentidis and others v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, illegal private religious meetings and prayers

23238/94

HUDOC
decision

GH 1997-III, S. 983

29.05.1997

Georgiadis v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, exemption from military service

21522/93

HUDOC
decision

GH 1997 III

29.05.1997

Tsirlis & Kouloumpas v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, military service

19233/91
19234/91

HUDOC
decision

GH 1997-III, S. 909

18.12.1996

Efstratiou v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, religious convictions, teaching

24095/94

HUDOC
decision

GH 1996-VI, S. 2347

18.12.1996

Valsamis v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, religious convictions, teaching

21787/93

HUDOC
decision

GH 1996-VI, S. 2312

25.11.1996

Wingrove v. the United Kingdom

Freedom of expression, blasphemy

No-violation of art. 10

 

17419/90

HUDOC
decision

GH 1996-V, S. 1937

26.09.1996

Manoussakis and others v. Greece

Jehovah’s Witnesses, proselytism, illegal private religious meetings and prayers, prior authorization to the use of places of worship, Violation of Art. 9.

18748/91

HUDOC
decision

GH 1996-IV, S. 1346

09.12.1994

Holy Monasteries v. Greece

Relations between state and church, orthodox church, property, freedom of association 

13092/87
13984/88

HUDOC
decision

GH 301-A

20.09.1994

Otto- Preminger- Institut v. Austria

Freedom of expression, blasphemy

13470/87

HUDOC
decision

GH 295-A
ÖJZ 1995, 154

23.06.1993

Hoffmann v. Austria

Freedom of religion, discrimination, child custody, Jehovah’s Witnesses

12875/87

HUDOC
decision

GH 255-C
EuGRZ 1996, 648

25.05.1993

Kokkinakis v. Greece

Freedom of expression, freedom of religion, discrimination, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Missionary work

14307/88

HUDOC
decision

GH 260-A
ÖJZ 1994, 59

26.03.1992

Beldjoudi v. France

Freedom of religion, freedom of conscience, right to found a family, Algeria, deportation from France

12083/86

HUDOC
decision

GH 234-A

23.10.1990

Darby v. Sweden

Freedom of religion, discrimination, church tax law

11581/85

HUDOC
decision

GH 187
EuGRZ 1990, 504

22.06.1989

Eriksson v. Sweden

Respect for family life, right to education, respect for parents' religious convictions

11373/85

HUDOC
decision

GH 156

18.12.1986

Johnston and others v. Ireland

Discrimination, freedom of conscience, divorce, descent, respect for family life

9697/82

HUDOC
decision

GH 112

06.11.1980

Guzzardi v. Italy

Detention, respect for family life, freedom of religion

7367/76

HUDOC 
decision 

GH 39

07.12.1976

Kjeldsen and others v. Denmark

Sexual education, religious education, discrimination

5095/71
5920/72
5926/72 

HUDOC  
decision

GH 23
EuGRZ 1976, 478

Decisions of the former European Commission for Human Rights

Name

Date

Subject

Application Number

Reference

Natoli v Italy

18.05.1998

(decision on the admissibility of the application - partially admissible/ partially inadmissible) manifest religion or belief, cult, performance of rites

26161/95

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Association "Sivananda de Yoga Vedanta" v France

16.04.1998

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) tax discrimination, church congregation

30260/96

- HUDOC
- decision (French)  

Khristiansko Sdruzhenie "Svideteli na Iehova" Christian Association of the Jehovah’s Witnesses v Bulgaria

09.03.1998

Renewed registration of an association, Jehovah’s Witnesses, freedom of religion

28626/95

- HUDOC
- decision

Keller v Germany

04.03.1998

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) school administration, Scientology, respect for parents' religious convictions

36283/97

- HUDOC
- decision

Buscarini, Della Balda and Manzaroli v San Marino

02.12.1997

Religious formula for the attestation of parliamentarians, freedom of religion

24645/94

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Tsavachidis v Greece

28.10.1997

Freedom of association, Jehovah’s Witnesses, legal opening of a place of worship

28802/95

- HUDOC  
- decision

Konttinen v Finland

03.12.1996

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Freedom of manifest one's religion and conviction, discrimination on grounds of religion, labour law

24949/94

- HUDOC
- decision

Hernandez Sanchez v Spain

04.09.1996

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) military parade, freedom of religion

30479/96

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Canea Catholic Church "Tjs Panaghias" v Greece

03.09.1996

Legal personality of a parish

25528/94

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Efstratiou v Greece

11.04.1996

Religious convictions, Jehovah’s Witnesses, teaching

24095/94

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Pentidis, Katharios and Stagopoulos v Greece

27.02.1996

Jehovah’s Witnesses, illegal private religious meetings and prayers

23238/94

- HUDOC
- decision (French))

Kalaç v Greece

27.02.1996

Termination, membership in a sect, freedom of religion

20704/92

- HUDOC  
- decision (French)

Valsamis v Greece

06.07.1995

Religious convictions, Jehovah’s Witnesses, teaching

21787/93

- HUDOC
- decision (French)  

Manoussakis v Greece

25.05.1995

Jehovah’s Witnesses, proselytism, illegal private religious meetings and prayers

18748/91

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

- Reports 1996-IV, Annex

Van den Dungen v the Netherlands

22.02.1995

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) abortion, freedom of expression

22838/93

- HUDOC
- decision

- D.R. 80-A, 147

Bellis v Greece

22.02.1995

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Muslim religion, adoption

24848/94

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Temprano Gomez v Spain

17.01.1995

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) discrimination for religious reasons,  labour law, nun, old-age pension

24389/94

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Union des athées v France

06.07.1994

Association, donation

14635/89

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

ISKCON and 8 others v the United Kingdom

08.03.1994

(decision on the admissibility of the application  - partially inadmissible) planning acts for religious bildings, freedom of religion

20490/92

- HUDOC
- decision

- D.R. 76, 90 

Bernard and others v Luxembourg

08.09.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of conscience, respect for parents' religious and philosophical convictions, education in moral and social affairs

17187/90

- HUDOC
- decision 

M.B. v Switzerland

05.05.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of conscience, Art. 9, military tax

17889/91

- HUDOC
- decision (French) 

Bulut v Turkey

03.05.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) islamic scarf, identity photograph, university diploma

18783/91

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Karaduman v Turkey

03.05.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) islamic scarf , identity photograph, university diploma

16278/90

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

- D.R. 74, 93

Macit and 53 others v Turkey

31.03.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of conscience, retirement

19934/92

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

Yanasik v Turkey

06.01.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) army, dismissal on ground of fundamental activities, freedom of manifest one's religion

14524/89

- HUDOC
- decision (French) 

- D.R. 74, 14

Bouessel du Bourg v France

18.02.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) civil rights and obligations, freedom of conscience, abortion

20747/92

- HUDOC
- decision (French)

R.B. v Switzerland

08.01.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) military service, objection to military service, Art. 9

16345/90

- HUDOC
- decision (French) 

Fadini v Switzerland

08.01.1993

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of conscience, Art. 9, education in civil protection 

17003/90 18206/91

- HUDOC
- decision (French) 

Slujs v Belgium

09.09.1992

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) respect for parents' religious convictions, religious education, education in moral affairs, teaching

17568/90

- HUDOC
- decision (French) 

Leuffen v Germany

09.07.1992

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Respect for parents' religious convictions, teaching 

19844/92

- HUDOC
- decision

Chardonneau v France

29.06.1992

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) military service, objection to military service, Art. 9

17559/90

- HUDOC
- decision (French)   

N. v Switzerland

10.04.1992

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) law relating to asylum, change of religion, inhuman treatment

19184/91

- HUDOC  
- decision

A., B., C. v Italy

14.01.1992

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) religious freedom, school's prayer, religious education

12414/86

- HUDOC
- decision (French)  

Bautista "El Salvador" Ortega Moratilla v Spain

11.01.1992

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Evangelical Church, taxes, discrimination

17522/90

- HUDOC
- decision (French)  

- D.R. 72, 256

Kokkinakis v Greece

03.12.1991

Proselytism, Jehovah’s Witnesses

14307/88

- HUDOC
- decision (French)  

- B 241-B

Choudhury v the United Kingdom

05.03.1991

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) blasphemy, Moslem, Satanic Verse

17439/90

- HUDOC 
- decision

- HRLJ 1991, 172

Von Pelser v Italy

09.11.1990

(decision on the admissibility of the application  - partially inadmissible religious freedom, marriage

14254/88

- HUDOC
- decision (French)  

Beldjoudi, Teychene v France

06.09.1990

Freedom of conscience, right to found a family, Algeria, deportation from France

12083/86

- HUDOC
- decision (French)  

Crespo-Azorin v Spain

17.05.1990

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) military service, objection to military service, alternative service for military service

13872/88

- HUDOC
- decision (French) 

Chauhan v the United Kingdom

16.05.1990

Orthodox Hindu, membership in an union 

11518/85

- HUDOC
- decision 

- D.R. 65, 41

Rommelfanger v the Federal Republic of Germany 06.09.1989 (decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) Freedom of expression, obligations of loyalty, labour law

12242/86

- HUDOC
- decision

Eriksson v Sweden

14.07.1988

Respect for family life, right to education, respect for parents' religious convictions

11373/85

- HUDOC
- decision

Knudsen v Norway

08.03.1985

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) minister of religion, dismissal, official duties, abortion

11045/84

- HUDOC  
- decision 

- D.R. 42, 247

Gottesmann v Switzerland

04.12.1984

(decision on the admissibility of the application) renounce church membership

10616/83

- HUDOC

- decision 

- D.R. 40, 284

N. v Sweden

11.10.1984

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) objection to military service, Jehovah's Witnesses 

10410/83

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 40, 203

V. v the Netherlands

05.07.1984

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) obligatory pension scheme, anthroposophical beliefs

10678/83

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 39, 267

E. & G.R. v Austria

14.05.1984

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) renounce church membership, church contributions

9781/82

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 37; 42

C. v the United Kingdom

15.12.1983

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) income tax, pacifism, Quaker

10358/83

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 37, 142

D. v France

06.12.1983

(decision on the admissibility of the application) letter of repudiation (guett), jew, divorce

10180/82

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 35, 199

X. v Austria

15.10.1981

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) prohibition of an association with a religious aim, Moon sect

8652/79

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 26, 89

Omkarananda and the Center of Divine Light v the United Kingdom

19.03.1981

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) association with religious and philosophical objects, expulsion

8118/77

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 25, 105

X. v the United Kingdom

12.03.1981

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of religion, teacher, re-arrangement of the time-table

8160/78

- HUDOC

- decision 

- D.R. 22, 27

X. v Federal Republic of Germany

10.03.1981

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) burial on one's own land

8741/79

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 24, 137

Church of Scientology and 128 of its members  v Sweden

14.07.1980

(decision on the admissibility of the application)  Scientology, legal protection from insult

8282/78

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 21, 109

McFeeley and others v the United Kingdom

15.05.1980

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) prisoner, prison clothing, conditions of imprisonment

8317/78

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 20, 44

X. u. Church of Scientology v Sweden

05.05.1979

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) possibility of a “church” to file a complaint, advertisements for religious objects, Scientology

7805/77

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 16, 68

X. v the United Kingdom

01.03.1979

(decision on the admissibility of the application)  religious education, teacher, dismissal

8010/77

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 16, 101

Company X. v Switzerland

27.02.1979

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) church tax, joint stock company

7865/77

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 16, 85

Arrowsmith v the United Kingdom

12.10.1978

(decision on the admissibility of the application) leaflet, pacifism, freedom of expression

7050/75

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 19, 5

X. v the United Kingdom

12.07.1978

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible)  Wearing of a turban, motor cycle, Article 9 (2)

7992/77

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 14, 234

X. v the United Kingdom

04.10.1977

(decision on the admissibility of the application) registration of a religion through the prison administration 

7291/75

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 11, 55

X. v the United Kingdom

18.05.1976

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) prisoner, Buddhist, religious books

6886/75

 

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 5, 100

X. v Denmark

08.03.1976

(decision on the admissibility of the application) possibility to file a complaint, compulsion of rules of christening 

7374/76

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 5, 157

X. v the United Kingdom

05.03.1976

(decision on the admissibility of the application), prisoner, religious eating provisions, hours of prayer, Orthodox jew

5947/72

- HUDOC

- decision

- D.R. 5, 8

X. v the United Kingdom

20.12.1974

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) prisoner, prohibition of the drafting of religious texts, Buddhist

5442/72

- HUDOC
- decision

- D.R. 1, 41

X. v the Federal Republic of Germany

18.12.1974

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) recognition of a marriage, particular religious ritual

6167/73

- HUDOC
- decision

- D.R. 1, 64

Church of X. v the United Kingdom

17.12.1968

(decision on the admissibility of the application)  possibility to file a complaint, restraints through the state of a college of the Church of Scientology

3798/68

- HUDOC

- decision
- Yb 12, 306

X. v the Netherlands

31.03.1967

(decision on the admissibility of the application) motor vehicle liability insurance

2988/66

- Yb 10, 472

X. v The Netherlands

14.12.1965

(decision on the admissibility of the application - inadmissible) freedom of conscience, freedom of religion, obligatory old age insurance

2518/65

- HUDOC

- decision

- Yb 18, pp. 40-43

X. v Austria

15.02.1965

(decision on the admissibility of the application) religious Hair/facial Hair, religious cult-objects, Prisoner

1753/63

- Yb 8, 174

X. v the Netherlands

14.12.1962

(decision on the admissibility of the application) obligatory entry to a public health service, Reformed Church

1068/61

- Yb 5, 278

Reformed Church X. v the Netherlands

14.12.1962

(decision on the admissibility of the application) obligatory pension scheme, Reformed Church

1497/62

- Yb 5, 286

Abbreviations

  • D.R. = Decisions and reports / Recueil des arrêts et décisions (Reports of judgments and decisions - European Court of Human Rights )
  • EuGRZ = Europäische Grundrechte-Zeitschrift
  • HRLJ = Human rights law journal
  • NJW = Neue Juristische Wochenschrift
  • NVwZ (LS) = Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht (Leitsatz)
  • ÖJZ = Österreichische Juristen-Zeitung
  • Yb  = Yearbook on Human Rights

Accountability for contents: Jan Niklas Klein