Mark Hill QC (ed.), Religion and Discrimination Law in the European Union – La discrimination en matière religieuse dans l'Union Européenne
European Consortium for Church and State Research
Proceedings of the Conference, Oxford, 29 September–2 October 2011 -
Actes du Colloque, Oxford, 29 septembre - 2 octobre 2011

Year: 2012

Published in: Trier [Germany]

Publisher: European Consortium for Church and State Research

ISBN: 978-3-9814926-0-6

Pages: 429 p.

Price: 29,90 €



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The 23rd Annual Congress of the European Consortium for Church and State Research took place in Oxford, United Kingdom from 29 September to 2 October 2011. Founded in 1989, the Consortium unites experts in law and religion from Member States of the European Union. The Oxford conference took as its theme Religion and Discrimination Law focusing on the manner in which State governments had sought to implement the non-discrimination policy of the EU by legislation and through courts and tribunals. The proceedings comprise three introductory papers considering the historical, cultural and social background; the prohibition on discrimination, and the exemptions to the general prohibition. This is followed by national reports from twenty-three countries describing the reach of discrimination law in the field of religion. These are supplemented by further papers analysing the jurisprudence of the Strasbourg Court and the background to EU Directive 2000/78/EC and by some concluding reflections. The proceedings begin with the text of a public lecture given at the opening of the Congress by Sir Nicolas Bratza, President of the European Court of Human Rights on the subject of freedom of religion under Article 9 of the Convention.


Table of Contents

PREFACE Mark Hillp. 7

The ‘Precious Asset’: Freedom of Religion under the European Convention on Human RightsSir Nicolas Bratza                                                    
p. 9       

Historical, Cultural and Social BackgroundLisbet Christoffersenp. 27
The Duty Not to Discriminate: The Nature and Extent of the ProhibitionLars Friednerp. 35
The Right to Discriminate: Exceptions to the General ProhibitionAgustín Motillap. 41

AustriaRichard Potz and Brigitte Schinkelep. 61
BelgiumRik Torfsp. 71
CyprusAchilles Emilianidesp. 79
Czech RepublicJiří Rajmund Tretera and Záboj Horákp. 87
DenmarkLisbet Christoffersenp. 95
EstoniaMerilin Kiviorgp. 111
Finland Johannes Heikkonen and Pamela Slottep. 125
FranceFrançoise Curtitp. 145
GermanyGerhard Robbersp. 155
GreeceKonstantinos Papageorgioup. 165
HungaryBalázs Schandap. 169
IrelandRonan McCreap. 181
ItalyMarco Venturap. 191
LatviaRingolds Balodis and Edvīns Danovskisp. 209
Luxembourg Philippe Poirierp. 223
The Netherlands Sophie van Bijsterveldp. 247
PolandMichał Rynkowskip. 261
PortugalJosé de Sousa e Britop. 271
RomaniaEmanuel Tăvală p. 281
SloveniaBlaž Ivancp. 295
SpainMiguel Rodríguez Blancop. 307
SwedenLars Friednerp. 327
United KingdomDavid McCleanp. 333

Contribution du Système de Strasbourg à la Lutte contre la Discrimination ReligieuseJean Duffarp. 351
The Background to the European Union Directive 2000/78/ECMichał Rynkowskip. 395
p. 419
p. 427