This is a temporary version, not fully checked, and due for a reformat, general up-date, face-lift and haircut.  MWS, June 2004.



Fachbereich II





  • für Sprachpraxis
  • für das Studium der Literaturen Großbritanniens, Irlands, der USA, Kanadas sowie Australiens und Neuseelands
  • für das Studium der Sprachwissenschaft und der Mediävistik


Dear Student,

Attending courses is only a small part of the study of English language and literature. The major part consists in reading. You will have to do a great deal of required as well as independent reading. The present list is meant to assist you in choosing from the vast canon of primary and secondary material. It contains study recommendations

  • for Grund- and Hauptstudium
  • for the Zwischenprüfung
  • for language study
  • for linguistics
  • for literature
  • for medieval studies.

We know that there are an awful lot of books out there, and we have therefore divided our recommendations into many smaller sections. We hope that this will help you to see the wood for the trees, and to organize your studies in the best way possible. Partly, our list reflects the particular research and teaching interests of the staff.

So please try to obtain an overview of English language and literature (by consulting, among other things , the specific handbooks) and make your own choice of reading and study topics, depending on your particular motivation and prior knowledge.

We hope that you will enjoy your reading!


Revised: January 2000.


1. Sprachpraxis

Dictionaries and Grammars of English

 In your study of English, it is important for you to become familiar with standard reference books on the English language. Here is some basic information, particularly relevant for sprachpraktische Übungen. You should know well, and use frequently, at least

  • one English-German-English dictionary
  • one English-English dictionary (for non-native speakers)
  • one teaching grammar
  • one reference grammar.

 And you should also know the range of other reference books available.


1.  Dictionaries ENGLISH-ENGLISH

1.1. Designed For Advanced Learners Of English:

Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary. Sinclair, J.M. et al. (1987, 2nd ed 1995) New York: HarperCollins.

Significantly different from other dictionaries, since all illustrations of usage are real, attested examples. No rare words, since it is restricted to words which occur fairly frequently. Also shorter students' versions. The 1995 edition is completely revised and based on a corpus of some 200 million words of contemporary English.

Longman Dictionary of American English. Allen, V. et al. (1986) London: Longman.

Easy to understand. For early intermediate to advanced learners.


1.2.  Designed For Native Speakers:

Collins Dictionary of the English Language. 3rd ed. Hanks, P. et al. (1991) New York: HarperCollins.

A traditional British dictionary. Large number of head words, including biographical, geographical entries, etc.

Webster's New World Dictionary of American English. 3rd College Edition. 1988. Simon & Shuster / Pons / Klett.

American English. Lexical explanations are easy enough for a non-native speaker.

If you require detailed historical information, then consult the most famous of them all:

The Oxford English Dictionary. 20 vols, 2nd ed. 1989. Oxford: OUP.



Duden-Oxford Großwörterbuch. Clark, M et al. 1991. Duden / OUP.

A major new dictionary. Good on idiomatic usage. Also shorter student versions. The Collins and Langenscheidt dictionaries are also useful.


3. Grammars

Designed for intermediate / advanced learners of English:

Greenbaum, S. & Quirk, R. (1990) A Student's Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.

Sinclair, J.M. et al. (1990) Collins Cobuild English Grammar. New York: HarperCollins. [Hueber]

All examples of usage are attested in real corpus data. Particularly strong on which words occur in which grammatical constructions.


4. Vocabulary Study

There are many thesauruses. A recommended one is:

Urdang, L. (1991) The Oxford Thesaurus. An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms. Oxford: OUP.


5. Writing

Sutcliffe, A.J. (1994) The New York Public Library Writer’s Guide to Style and Usage. New York: HarperCollins.

Excellent for punctuation and abbrevations, systems and symbols. Good review of grammar system.

Kane, T.S. (1988) The New Oxford Guide to Writing. Oxford: OUP.

Good book for learning practicing coherent structure organization, strategies and styles of expository writing.

Gibaldi, J. (1998) MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. MLA Book Publications.


6. Landeskunde

North America:

Wayne, Stephen J. et al. (1995) The Politics of American Government. New York: St.Martin’s Press.

Very good information on American Political institutions, their histories, makeup and workings.


Braun,H. & W. Klooß (1994) Kanada. Eine interdisziplinäre Einführung. Trier: WWT.


2. Literaturwissenschaft

Die Titel der nachfolgenden Liste verstehen sich nicht als verbindlicher Lektürekanon - das schließen schon Anzahl und Umfang der Werke aus - sondern sind als Anregung und Hilfe bei der Auswahl während eines vier- bis fünfjährigen Gesamtstudiums gedacht, bei dem von Beginn an extensives und engagiertes Lesen die Grundvoraussetzung ist.


I. Die Literatur Großbritanniens und Irlands

1. Alt- und mittelenglische Literatur


The Wanderer; The Seafarer; The Battle of Maldon

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

William Langland Piers Plowman

Geoffrey Chaucer [c.1343-1400] Troilus and Criseyde (1485), The House of Fame (c.1372-1380), Canterbury Tales (General Prologue, 2 Tales) (1387-1392)

Sir Thomas Malory [ca. 1416-1471] Le Morte D‘Arthur (1469-1470)


2. Erzählprosa (seit der Renaissance): Großbritannien einschl. Irland

Thomas More [1478-1535] Utopia (1516)

John Bunyan [1628-1688] The Pilgrim's Progress [Part I] (1675)

Aphra Behn [1640-1689] Oroonoko (1688)

Daniel Defoe [1660-1731] Robinson Crusoe (1719) Moll Flanders (1722)

Jonathan Swift [1667-1754] Gulliver's Travels (1726)

Samuel Richardson [1689-1761] Pamela (1740) Clarissa (1747-1748)

Henry Fielding [1707-54] Joseph Andrews (1742),  Tom Jones (1749)

Laurence Sterne [1713-68] Tristram Shandy (1760-1767) A Sentimental Journey (1768)

Horace Walpole [1717-1797] The Castle of Otranto (1765)

Tobias Smollett [1721-71] Humphrey Clinker (1771)

Oliver Goldsmith [1728-74] The Vicar of Wakefield (1766)

William Godwin [1756-1836] Caleb Williams (1794)

Ann Radcliffe [1764-1823] The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794)

Walter Scott [1771-1832] Waverly (1814),  The Heart of Midlothian (1818)

Jane Austen [1775-1817] Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Emma (1816)

Mary Shelley [1797-1851] Frankenstein (1816)

William Thackeray [1811-63] Vanity Fair (1847)

Charles Dickens [1812-70] David Copperfield (1849-1850) Bleak House (1852-1853) Hard Times (1854), Great Expectations (1860-1861)

Anthony Trollope [1815-82] Barchester Towers (1857)

Charlotte Brontë [1816-55] Jane Eyre (1847)

Emily Brontë [1818-48] Wuthering Heights (1847)

George Eliot [1819-80] The Mill on the Floss (1860) Middlemarch (1871/1872))

William Morris [1834-1896] News from Nowher (1890)

Samuel Butler [1835-1902] Erewhon (1872)

Thomas Hardy [1840-1928] The Return of the Native (1878), Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891), Jude the Obscure (1896)

R.L. Stevenson [1850-1894] Treasure Island (1883), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886)

Oscar Wilde [1854-1900] The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891)

Joseph Conrad [1857-1924] Lord Jim (1900), Heart of Darkness (1902),  Short Stories ("Youth", "The Shadow-Line",  "The Secret Sharer")

Rudyard Kipling [1865-1936] The Jungle Books (1894/5),  Kim (1901)

H.G. Wells [1866-1946] The Time Machine (1895)

E.M. Forster [1879-1970] Howard´'s End (1910),  A Passage to India (1924)

James Joyce [1882-1941] Dubliners (1914) A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) Ulysses (1922)

Virginia Woolf [1882-1941] Mrs. Dalloway (1925) To the Lighthouse (1927)

D.H. Lawrence [1885-1930] Sons and Lovers (1913), The Rainbow (1915), Women in Love (1921)

Joyce Cary [1888-1957] Mr. Johnson (1939), The Horse's Mouth (1944)

Aldous Huxley [1894-1963] Point Counter Point (1928),  Brave New World (1932)

Jean Rhys [1894-1979] Wide Sargasso Sea (1966)

George Orwell [1903-1950] Animal Farm (1945), Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)

Evelyn Waugh [1903-1966] A Handful of Dust (1934) Brideshead Revisited (1945)

Graham Greene [1904-1991] The Power and the Glory (1940) The Heart of the Matter (1948)

Samuel Beckett [1906-1989] Molloy (1951), Malone Dies (1956)

William Golding [1911-1993] Lord of the Flies (1954) Rites of Passage (1990)

Lawrence Durrell [1912-1990] The Alexandria Quartet (1957-60)

Anthony Burgess [1917-1993] A Clockwork Orange (1962) Earthly Powers (1980)

Iris Murdoch [1919-1999] Under the Net (1954)

Doris Lessing [1919-] Martha Quest (1952) The Memoirs of a Survivor (1974) Short Stories aus The Grass is Singing (1950)

John Fowles [1926-] The Magus (1966), The French Lieutenant's Woman (1969)

Alan Sillitoe [1928-] Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (1958) The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1959)

David Lodge [1935-] Changing Places (1975) Small World (1984)

Salman Rushdie [1947-] Midnight´s Children (1981)

Irving Welsh Trainspotting (1993)

Kazuo Ishiguro [1954-] The Remains of the Day (1989)

Peter Ackroyd [1949-] Chatterton (1987)

Hanif Kureishi [1954-] The Buddha of Suburbia (1990)


2. Drama (seit der Renaissance): Großbritannien einschl. Irland

Christopher Marlowe [1564-1593] The Jew of Malta (1591),  Doctor Faustus (1592)

William Shakespeare [1564-1616] Richard III (1593-1594), Taming of the Shrew (1594), Romeo and Juliet (1595),  A Midsummer Night'sDream (1595-1598), The Merchant of Venice (1596), Henry IV (1597), As You Like It (1598-1600), Twelfth Night (1600-1601), Hamlet (1600), Othello (1602-1604), Measure for Measure (1603-1604), Macbeth (1606), King Lear (1606), Antony and Cleopatra (1606-1607), The Winter's Tale (1611), The Tempest (1611)

Ben Jonson [1572-1637] Volpone (1606), The Alchemist (1610)

Thomas Middleton [1580-1627] The Changeling (1623)

William Wycherley [1641-1716] The Country Wife (1675)

William Congreve [1670-1729] The Way of the World (1700)

John Gay [1685-1732] The Beggar's Opera (1728)

George Lillo [1693-1739] The London Merchant (1731)

R.B. Sheridan [1751-1816] The Rivals (1775), The School for Scandal (1777)

Oscar Wilde [1854-1900] Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892), The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)

Bernard Shaw [1856-1950] Mrs. Warren's Profession (1898), Pygmalion (1916), Saint Joan (1924)

John M. Synge [1871-1909] The Playboy of the Western World (1907)

Sean O'Casey [1880-1964] Juno and the Paycock (1924), The Plough and the Stars (1926)

T.S. Eliot [1888-1965] Murder in the Cathedral (1935)

Samuel Beckett [1906-1989] Waiting for Godot (1956), Endgame (1958)

Brendan Behan [1923-1964] The Hostage (1958)

Peter Shaffer [1926-] Equus (1973), Amadeus (1980)

Brian Friel [1929-] Translations (1981)

John Osborne [1929-1994] Look Back in Anger (1956)

John Arden [1930-] Sergeant Musgrave's Dance (1959)

Harold Pinter [1930-] The Birthday Party (1958), The Caretaker (1960), The Homecoming (1965), Betrayal (1978)

Arnold Wesker [1932-] The Kitchen (1959), Roots (1959)

Edward Bond [1934-] Lear (1972), The Sea (1973)

Trevor Griffiths [1935-] Comedians (1975)

Tom Stoppard [1937-] Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead (1966), Travesties (1974), The Real Thing (1982)

Caryl Churchill [1938-] Top Girls (1982)


3. Lyrik (seit der Renaissance): Großbritannien einschl. Irland

Edmund Spenser [1552-1599] Amoretti (1595) (z.B. 1, 31, 54, 57, 79); The Shepherd's Calendar (1579) (z.B. "March", "October"), The Faery Queen (zwei bis drei Cantos); "Epithalamion"

Sir Philip Sidney [1554-1586] Astrophel and Stella (1576) (z.B. 1, 31, 39, 45, 87), "Leave Me, Oh Love"

William Shakespeare [1564-1616] Sonnets (z.B. 18, 30, 33, 55, 66, 73, 86,106, 116, 129, 130, 138, 144, 146)

John Donne [1572-1631] Gedichtauswahl (z.B. "The Sun Rising", "The Canonization", "The Bait", "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning", "The Ecstacy", "Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness"); Holy Sonnets (z.B. 1, 5, 7, 10, 14)

John Milton [1608-1674] Paradise Lost (1667): Book l-IV, IX ;XII); "L'Allegro" (1632); "Il Penseroso" (1632); "Lycidas"; ausgewählte Sonette (z.B. "When I Consider How My Light Is Spent"; "On the Late Massacre in Piedmont", "Methought I Saw My Late Espoused Saint")

Andrew Marvell [1621-1678] "he Garden", "To His Coy Mistress"

John Dryden [1631-1700] "A Song for St. Cecilia's Day" (1687); "Alexander's Feast" (1700)

Alexander Pope [1688-1744] "The Rape of the Lock": Cantos I and V (1712); "An Essay on Man" (1733-34)

William Blake [1757-1827] Songs of Innocence: Auswahl (1794); Songs of Experience: Auswahl (1794)

William Wordsworth [1770-1850] "Tintern Abbey", "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud", "The Solitary Reaper", "Upon Westminster Bridge", "Ode: Intimations of Immortality", The Prelude: Books I and II (1805,1850)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" [1772-1834], "Kubla Khan", "Dejection: An Ode"

Lord Byron [1788-1824] Don Juan : Auswahl (1821); Childe Harold (1812): Auswahl

P.B. Shelley [1792-1822] "Ozymandias", "England in 1819", "Ode to the West Wind", "To a Skylark", "Prometheus Unbound"

John Keats [1795-1821] Ausgewählte Sonette (z.B. "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer", "When I Have Fears That I May Cease To Be", "Bright Star"); "La Belle Dame Sans Merci", "Ode on a Grecian Urn", "Ode to a Nightingale", "Ode on Melancholy", "To Autumn"

Alfred Tennyson [1809-1892] "The Lady of Shalott", "Ulysses", "Locksley Hall", u.a.

Robert Browning [1812-1889] "My Last Duchess", "Fra Lippo Lippi", "The Bishop Orders His Tomb", "The Laboratory"

Matthew Arnold [1822-88] "Dover Beach", "The Scholar Gipsy", "To Marguerite", "The Buried Life"

G.M. Hopkins [1844-1889] "Pied Beauty", "The Windhover", "The Wreck of the Deutschland", "Carrion Comfort"

W.B. Yeats [1865-1939] "Easter 1916", "The Second Coming", "Leda and the Swan", "Sailing to Byzantium", "Among Schoolchildren"

T.S. Eliot [1888-1965] "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"; (1917); The Waste Land (1922) Four Quartets; "Preludes"

Wilfried Owen [1893-1918] "Anthem for Doomed Youth", "Exposure", "Strange Meeting"

W.H. Auden [1907-1973] "As I Walked Out One Evening", "Musée des Beaux Arts", ";Our Hunting Fathers", "Lullaby", "The Shield of Achilles", "In Memory of William Butler Yeats"

Dylan Thomas [1914-1953] "Poem in October", "In My Craft or Sullen Art", "Fern Hill", "The Force that through the Green Fuse Drives the Flowers", "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night"

Philip Larkin [1922-] "Church Going", "The Whitsun Weddings", "High Windows", "Mr. Bleaney", "Spring"

Ted Hughes [1930-1998] "The Thought-Fox", "Crow"-Gedichte; "Hawk Roosting"

Seamus Heaney [1939-] "Digging", "Mossbawn", "Punishment", "Traditions", "Station Island"


II. Die Literatur der USA

1. Erzählprosa:

William Bradford [1590-1657] History of Plymouth Plantation (1630-1651)

Mary Rowlandson [1635-1678] Aus The Sovereignty and Goodness of God. (1682)

Cotton Mather [1663-1728] Aus Magnalia Christi Americana (1702).

William Byrd [1674-1744] The Secret Diary (1941)

Benjamin Franklin [1706-1790] Poor Richard´s Almanack (1733-1758), The Autobiography (1771-1790)

Hector St. John de Crevecoeur Letters from an American Farmer [1735-1835] (1789)

Thomas Paine [1737-1809] Common Sense (1776)

Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826] "The Declaration of Independence" (1776) Notes on the State of Virginia (1787)

Washington Irving [1783-1859] Short Stories (z.B. "Rip van Winkle" (1820); "The Adventure of the German Student"; "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow")

James Fenimore Cooper [1789-1851] The Pioneers (1823), The Last of the Mohicans (1826), The Deerslayer (1841)

Ralph Waldo Emerson [1803-1882] Nature (1836), Essays, z.B. "The American Scholar", "Self Reliance"

Nathaniel Hawthorne [1804-1864] Short Stories (z.B. "My Kinsman, Major Molineux", "Young Goodman Brown"), The Scarlet Letter (1850), The Blithedale Romance (1852)

Edgar Allan Poe [1809-1849] Short Stories (z.B. "Ligeia", "The Fall of the House of Usher"; "The Masque of the Red Death"; "The Murders in the Rue Morgue"); Essays

Harriet Beecher Stowe [1811-1896] Uncle Tom's Cabin (1851)

William Wells Brown [1813-84] Clotel; or, the President's Daughter (1853)

Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861)

Frederick Douglass [1817-95] The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)

Henry David Thoreau [1817-62] "Civil Disobedience" (1849), Walden (1854)

Herman Melville [1819-1891], Moby-Dick (1851), Billy Budd (1924), Short Stories (z.B. "Bartleby the Scrivener"; "Benito Cereno")

Mark Twain [1835-1910] Tom Sawyer (1876), The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), A Connectictut Yankee at King Arthur's Court (1889), Pudd' nhead Wilson (1894)

Henry James [1843-1916] The American (1877), Washington Square (1880), The Portrait of a Lady (1881), Stories and "novelettes", (z.B. "Daisy Miller", "The Turn of the Screw")

Kate Chopin [1851-1904] "The Awakening" (1899)

William Dean Howells [1857-1920] The Rise of Silas Lapham (1885)

Owen Wister [1860-1938] The Virginian (1902)

Frank Norris [1870-1902] McTeague (1899)

Willa Cather [1873-1947] My Antonia (1918)

Edith Wharton [1862-1937] The Age of Innocence (1920)

Stephen Crane [1871-1900] The Red Badge of Courage (1895), Short Stories ( z.B. "The Open Boat"; "The Blue Hotel")

Theodore Dreiser [1871-1945] Sister Carrie (1900),  An American Tragedy (1925)

Gertrude Stein [1874-1946] The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933)

Sherwood Anderson [1876-1941] Winesburg, Ohio (1919)

Upton Sinclair [1878-1968] The Jungle (1906)

John G. Neihardt [1881-1973] Black Elk Speaks (1932)

Sinclair Lewis [1885-1951] Main Street (1920), Babbitt (1922)

Katherine Anne Porter [1890-1980] Pale Horse, Pale Rider (1939), Short Stories (z.B. "Flowering Judas")

Scott Fitzgerald [1896-1940] The Great Gatsby (1925)

John Dos Passos [1896-1970] Manhattan Transfer (1925) U.S.A. (1930-1936)

William Faulkner [1897-1962] The Sound and the Fury (1929) Absalom, Absalom! (1936)

 Short Stories (z.B. "Delta Autumn"; "A Rose for Emily)

Ernest Hemingway [1898-1961] The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), The Old Man and the Sea (1952),  Short Stories (z.B."The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" in In Our Time )

Vladimir Nabokov [1899-1977] Lolita (1955),  Pale Fire (1962)

John Steinbeck [1902-1968] The Grapes of Wrath (1939)

Nathanael West [1903-1940] The Day of the Locust (1939)

Zora Neale Hurston [1903-1960] Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937)

Richard Wright [1908-1960] Native Son (1940)

Ralph Ellison [1914-1994] Invisible Man (1952)

Bernard Malamud [1914-1986] The Assistant (1957), Short Stories (z.B."The Magic Barrel"; "Angel Levine"; "The Jewbird")

Saul Bellow [1915-] Herzog (1964)

Carson McCullers [1917-1967] The Heart is a Lonely Hunter (1940)

J.D. Salinger [1919-] The Catcher in the Rye (1951); Franny and Zooey (Short Stories) (1961)

Kurt Vonnegut [1922-] Slaughterhouse-Five (1969)

Norman Mailer [1923-] The Naked and the Deal (1948)

James Baldwin [1924-1987] Go Tell it on the Mountain (1953), Short Stories (z.B."Going to Meet the Man"); Essays

Truman Capote [1924-1984] Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1958)

Flannery O'Connor [1925-1964] Short Stories (z.B. "A Good Man Is Hard to Find", "Good Country People"; "Everything That Rises Must Converge")

Malcolm X [1925-1965] The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1964)

John Barth [1930-] Lost in the Funhouse (1968)

E.L. Doctorow [1931-] Ragtime (1975)

Donald Barthelme [1931-1989] The Dead Father (1975), Short Stories (z.B. "The Balloon"; "At the Tolstoy Museum"; "The Glass Mountain")

Toni Morrison [1931-] Song of Solomon (1977), Beloved (1987), Jazz (1992)

Sylvia Plath [1932- 1963] The Bell Jar (1963)

John Updike [1932- ] Rabbit - Tetralogie (1960-1990)

Philip Roth [1933-] Portnoy`s Complaint (1969)

LeRoi Jones [1934-] Blues People (1963)

N. Scott Momaday [1934-] House Made of Dawn (1968)

Thomas Pynchon [1937-] V (1963),  The Crying of Lot 49 (1966);  Short Stories (z.B. "Entropy")

Joyce Carol Oates [1938-] Expensive People (1968), Them (1969)

Maxine Hong Kingston [1940-] The Woman Warrior (1976)

Anne Tyler [1941-] The Accidental Tourist (1985)

Alice Walker [1944-] The Colour Purple (1982)

Leslie Silko [1948-] Ceremony (1977)

Louise Erdrich [1954-] Love Medicine (1984)


2. Drama:

Susan Glaspell [1882-1948] Trifles (1916), The Verge (1921)

Eugene O'Neill [1888-1953] The Emperor Jones (1920) The Iceman Cometh (1946), Long Day's Journey into Night ( 1956)

Elmer Rice [1892-1967] The Adding Machine (1923)

Thornton Wilder [1897-1975] Our Town (1938), The Skin of Our Teeth (1942)

Clifford Odets [1906-1963] Waiting for Lefty (1935)

Lillian Hellman [1907-1984] The Little Foxes (1939)

Tennessee Williams [1911-1983] The Glass Menagerie (1944), A Streetcar Named Desire (1947)

Arthur Miller [1915-] All My Sons (1947), Death of a Salesman (1949)

James Baldwin [1924-1987] Blues for Mr. Charley (1964)

Edward Albee [1928-] The Zoo Story (1959), Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf (1962)

LeRoi Jones [1934-] Dutchman (1964)

(Imamu Amiri Baraka)

Arthur Kopit [1937-] Indians (1968)

Sam Shepard [1943-] The Tooth of Crime (1972), True West (1980)

David Mamet [1947-] American Buffalo (1977)


3. Lyrik

Anne Bradstreet [1612-1672] "The Author to Her Book"; "For Deliverance from a Sore Fit"

Edward Taylor [c.1645-1729] "Preparatory Meditations" (Auswahl)

Philip Freneau [1752-1832] "The Indian Burying Ground"

Phillis Wheatley [1754(?)-1784] Gedichtauswahl (s. The Norton Anthology of American Literature )

William Cullen Bryant [1794-1878] "To a Waterfowl"; "The Prairies"

Ralph Waldo Emerson [1803-1882] "The Rhodora"; "Brahma"

Edgar Allan Poe [1803-1849] "The Raven"; "To Helen"

Walt Whitman [1819-1892] "Song of Myself"; "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking"

Emily Dickinson [1830-1886] "Because I could not stop for Death"; "My Life had stood - a Loaded Gun"; "I started early took my dog"; "Wild Nights"

Robert Frost [1874-1963] "Mending Wall"; "The Road Not Taken"; "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"; "Home Burial";"Design"; "Provide, Provide"

Wallace Stevens [1879-1955] "Sunday Morning"; "The World as Meditation"

William C. Williams [1883-1963] "The Red Wheelbarrow", "Spring and All"; "To Elsie"

Ezra Pound [1885-1972] The Cantos (Auswahl), "In a Station of a Metro"; "Hugh Selwyn Mauberley (Life and Contacts) "

E.E. Cummings [1894-1962] "pity this busy monster, manunkind"; "Ising of Olaf"; "next to of course america"

Langston Hughes [1902-1967] "The Negro Speaks of Rivers"; "I, Too"; "Harlem"

Theodore Roethke [1908-1963] "My Papa's Waltz"; "Cuttings-Lader"

Charles Olson [1910-1970] "In Cold Hell, in thicket" (1953), Maximus poems (1953-1975)

Gwendolyn Brooks [1917-] "Notes from the Childhood and Girlhood"; "The Lovers of the Poor"; "Naomi"; "The Mother"; "The Birth in a Narrow Room"

Robert Lowell [1917-1977] "For the Union Dead"; "Waking in the Blue"; "Skunk Hour"; "The Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket"; "T.S.Eliot"

Robert Creeley [1926-] Selected Poems (1976)

Allen Ginsberg [1926-] "Howl"; "A Supermarket in California"; "Sunflower Satra"

Anne Sexton [1928-1974] "Consorting with Angels''; "The Farmer´s Wife"; "All My Pretty Ones"; "Her Kind"; "Self in 1958"; "For My Lover, Returning to His Wife"; "January 1st"; "Sylvia's Death"

Adrienne Rich [1929-] "Living in Sin"; "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers"; "Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law"; "Diving into the Wreck"; "Paula Becker to Clara Westhoff"

Sylvia Plath [1932-1963] "Daddy"; "Morning Song"; "Tulips"; "The Applicant"

Audre Lorde [1934-1992] Gedichtauswahl (s. The Norton Anthology of American Literature )


III. Kanadische Literatur


1. Erzählprosa

Francis Brooke [1724-1789] The History of Emily Montague (1769)

John Richardson [1796-1852] Wacousta (1832)

Thomas Chandler Haliburton [1796-1865] The Clockmaker (1837)

Catharine Parr Traill [1802-1899] The Backwoods of Canada (1836)

Susanna Moodie [1803-1885] Roughing It in the Bush (1852)

Sara Jeanette Duncan [1861-1922] The Imperialist (1904)

Stephen Leacock [1869-1944] Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town (1912)

Frederick Philip Grove [1871-1948] Settlers of the Marsh (1925)

Martha Ostenso [1900-1963] Wild Geese (1925)

Howard O`Hagan [1902-1982] Tay John (1939)

Morley Edward Callaghan [1903-1990] Such Is My Beloved (1934)

Hugh MacLennan [1907-1990] Barometer Rising (1941),  Two Solitudes (1945)

Sinclair Ross [1908-1996] As For Me and My House (1941)

Malcolm Lowry [1909-1957] Under the Vulcano (1947)

A.M. Klein [1909-1972] The Second Scroll (1951)

Sheila Watson [1909-1998] The Double Hook (1959)

Robertson Davies [1913-] Fifth Business (1970)

W.O. Mitchell [1914-] Who Has Seen the Wind (1947)

Mavis Gallant [1922-] Home Truths (1981)

Robert Kroetsch [1927-] The Studhorse Man (1969), Gone Indian (1973), Badlands (1975), Alibi (1983)

Margaret Laurence [1928-1987] The Stone Angel (1964),  A Bird in the House (1970), The Diviners (1974)

Timothy Findley [1930-] The Wars (1977), Famous Last Words (1981), Not Wanted on the Voyage (1984)

Alice Munro [1931-] Lives of Girls and Women (1971), Who Do You Think You Are? (1978)

Mordecai Richler [1931-] The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1959)

Leonard Cohen [1934-] Beautiful Losers (1966)

Rudy Wiebe [1934-] The Temptations of Big Bear (1973), A Discovery of Strangers (1994)

Rudy Wiebe & Yvonne Johnson [1961-] Stolen Life. The Journey of a Cree Woman (1998)

George Bowering [1935-] Burning Water (1980)

Carol Shields [1935-] The Stone Diaries (1993),  Larry’s Party (1997)

Joy Kogawa [1935-] Obasan (1981)

Jack Hodgins [1938-] The Invention of the World (1977)

Margaret Atwood [1939-] The Edible Woman (1969), Surfacing (1972), The Handmaid's Tale (1985), Cat’s Eye (1989)

Maria Campbell [1940-] Halfbreed (1973)

Daphne Marlatt [1942-] Ghost Works (1993)

Michael Ondaatje [1943-] Running in the Family (1982), In the Skin of a Lion (1987), The English Patient (1992)

Thomas King [1943-] Medicine River (1989)

Jeanette Armstrong [1948-] Slash (1985)

Kristjana Gunnars [1948-] The Prowler (1989)

Beatrice Culleton [1949-] In Search of April Raintree (1983)

Jane Urquhart [1949-] Away (1993)

Guy Vanderhaeghe [1951-] The Englishman’s Boy (1996)

Rohinton Mistry [1952-] Such a Long Journey (1991)

Aritha van Herk [1954-] No Fixed Address (1986), Places far from Ellesmere (1990)

Sky Lee [1957-] Disappearing Moon Cafe (1991)

Hiromi Goto [1966-] Chorus of Mushrooms (1993)


2. Drama

John Coulter [1888-1980] Riel (1950)

George Ryga [1932-1987] The Ecstasy of Rita Joe (1970)

Michael Cook [1933-1994] Jacob's Wake (1975)

Sharon Pollock [1936-] Blood Relations (1980)

David French [1939-] Jitters (1979)

Rick Salutin [1942-] The Farmer's Revolt (1973)

Tomson Highway [1951-] The Rez Sisters (1988)

Judith Thompson [1954-] The Crackwalker (1981)

Drew Hayden Taylor [1962-] Toronto at Dreamer’s Rock (1990)


3. Lyrik

New Provinces. Poems of Several Authors [1936]. Intr. Michael Gnarowski. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1976.

Charles G.D. Roberts [1860-1943] Selected Poems (1936)

Bliss Carman [1861-1929] Windflower (1985)

E.J. Pratt [1882-1964] Towards the Last Spike (1952), Brébeuf and His Brethren (1940)

F.R. Scott [1899-1985] The Collected Poems of F.R.Scott (1981)

Earle Birney [1904-1995] Ghost in the Wheels. Selected Poems, 1920-1976 (1977)

Dorothy Livesay [1909-1996] Collected Poems: The Two Seasons (1972)

A.M. Klein [1909-1972] The Rocking Chair (1948)

Irving Layton [1912-] The Unwavering Eye. Selected Poems, 1969-1975 (1975)

Robert Kroetsch [1927-] Seed Catalogue (1977)

Leonard Cohen [1934-] Selected Poems (1968)

Dennis Lee [1939-] Civil Elegies (1968)

Margaret Atwood [1939-] The Journals of Susanna Moodie (1970)

Daphne Marlatt [1942-] Steveston (1974)

Michael Ondaatje [1943-] The Collected Works of Billy the Kid (1970)

b.p. nichol [1944-1988] The Martyrology (1972-)

Fred Wah [1948-] Waiting for Saskatchewan (1985)


Wichtige kulturgeschichtliche Texte sind auszugsweise abgedruckt und kommentiert in:

Konrad Groß und Walter Pache. Kanada. Grundlagen zur Literatur in englischer Sprache, Bd. 1. München: Fink, 1987.

Siehe auch Landeskunde!


IV. Australische Literatur


1. Erzählprosa

Henry Kingsley [1830-1876] The Recollections of Geoffrey Hamlin (1859)

Joseph Furphy [1843-1912] Such Is Life (1903)

Markus Clarke [1846-1881] For the Term of His Natural Life (1870-1872)

Henry Lawson [1867-1922] [Portable Australian Authors Edition ]

Henry Handel Richardson [1870-1946] The Getting of Wisdom (1910)

Miles Franklin [1879-1954] My Brilliant Career (1901)

Xavier Herbert [1901-1984] Capricornia (1938)

Christina Stead [1902-1983] The Man Who Loved Children (1940)

Hal Porter [1911-1984] The Tilted Cross (1961)

Patrick White [1912-1994] Voss (1957), Riders in the Chariot (1961), The Burnt Ones (1964)

Elizabeth Jolley [1923-] Foxybaby (1990)

David Ireland [1927-] City of Women (1981)

David Malouf [1934-] Remembering Babylon (1993)

Randolph Stow [1935-] To the Islands (1958/1982 rev.Ed.)

Thomas Keneally [1935-] The Chant of Jimmy Blacksmith (1972), Schindler´s Arch (1987)

Frank Moorhouse [1938-] Futility and Other Animals (1969)

Michael Wilding [1942-] Living Together (1974)

Peter Carey [1943-] Bliss (1981)

Archie Weller [1957-] The Day of the Dog (1992)


2. Drama

Parick White [1912-1994] Four Plays

Jack Hibberd [1940-] A Stretch of Imagination (1972)

Alma de Groen [1941-] Going Home (1991)

David Williamson [1942-] Don's Party (1971)

Louis Nowra [1950-] Inner Voices (1977)



Barnes, John and Brian McFarlane (eds.). Cross Country: A Book of Australian Verse. Richmond, Vic: Heinemann Educational Australia, 1984.

Gilbert, Kevin (ed.). Inside Black Australia: An Anthology of Aboriginal Poetry. Ringwood, Vic.: Penguin,1988.

Hampton, Susan and Kate Llewellyn (eds.). The Penguin Book of Australian Women Poets. Ringwood, Vic.: Penguin, 1986.

Heseltine, Harry (ed.). The Penguin Book of Australian Verse. Ringwood, Vic.: Penguin, 1972.


V. Neuseeländische Literatur


1. Erzählprosa

Katherine Mansfield [1888-1923] The Collected Short Stories

Frank Sargeson [1903-] Conversations With My Uncle (1936)

Janet Frame [1924-] Owls Do Cry (1957), Living in the Maniototo (1981)

Maurice Gee [1931-] Plumb (1978)

Maurice Shadbolt [1932-] Danger Zone (1976)

Patricia Grace [1937-] Potiki (1986)

Witi Ihimaera [1944-] Bulibasha (1994)

Keri Hulme [1947-] The Bone People (1984)


2. Drama

Bruce Mason [1921-1982] The Pohutukawa Tree (1957)

Vincent O'Sullivan [1937-] Shuriken (1985)

Roger Hall [1939-] Glide Time (1977)


3. Lyrik

O'Sullivan, Vincent (ed.). An Anthology of Twentieth-Century New Zealand Poetry. Auckland: OUP, 1988.


VI. Kinder- und Jugendliteratur

Iona u. Peter Opie The Oxford Nursery Rhyme Book. Oxford et al: Oxford UP, 1955

Edward Lear [1812-1888] The Complete Nonsense of Edward Lear (1846)

Lewis Carroll [1832-1898] Alice in Wonderland (1865)

L. Frank Baum [1856-1919] The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Kenneth Grahame [1859-1932] The Wind in the Willows (1908)

A. A. Milne [1859-1932] Winnie-the-Pooh (1926)

J.M. Barrie [1860-1937] Peter Pan (1911)

Beatrice Potter [1866-1913] Aus: Complete Tales (1902-1930)

J.R.R. Tolkien [1892-1973] The Hobbit (1937)

Gordon Douglas Griffiths [1910-1973] Abandoned (1973)

Rosemary Sutcliff [1920-1992] The Mark of the Horse Lord (1965)

Alan Garner [1935-] The Owl Service (1967)


Anthologien zu den Literaturen Großbritanniens, der USA, Kanadas, Australiens, und Neuseelands

Die folgenden, in der Bibilothek vorhandenen Anthologien enthalten viele der kürzeren in der Leseliste genannten Titel.



The Oxford Anthology of English Literature. Eds. Frank Kermode, et al. 2 vols. New York: OUP, 1973.

The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Eds. M.H. Abrahams, et al. Rev. ed. 2 vols. New York: Norton, 1993.

The New Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250-1950. Ed. Helen Gardner. Oxford: Clarendon, 1972.

The Oxford Book of Twentieth-Century English Verse. Ed. Philip Larkin. London: OUP, 1973.



The Harper American Literature. Eds. Donald McQuade, et al. 2 vols. New York: Harper, 1987.

Anthology of American Literature. Eds. George McMichael, et al. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1974.

America in Literature. Ed. Alan Trachtenberg and Benjamin deMott. 2 vols. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1978.

American Colonial Prose: John Smith to Thomans Jefferson. Ed. Mary Ann Radzinowicz. Cambridge [et al]: CUP, 1984. [Paperback]

The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Eds. Nina Baym, et al., 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York: Norton, 1989.

The Penguin Book of American Verse. Ed. Geoffrey Moore. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1979.

The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Paul Lauter. 2 vols. Lexington, Mass.; Toronto: D.C. Heath & Co., 1990.

Amerikanische Lyrik vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart. Ed. Franz Link. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1974.



New Oxford Book of Canadian Verse in English. Ed. Margaret Atwood. Oxford, Toronto: OUP, 1982.

Canadian Short Fiction: From Myth to Modern. Ed. W.H. New. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 1986.

The Faber Book of Contemporary Canadian Short Stories. Ed. Michael Ondaatje. London: Faber & Faber, 1990.

Modern Canadian Plays. Ed. Jerry Wassermann. Vancouver: Talon Books, 1985.



An Australian Selection: Short Stories by Henry Lawson, Vance Palmer, Hal Porter, Patrick White, Peter Cowan. Ed. John Barnes. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1974.

Australian Short Stories. Ed. Kerryn Goldsworthy. Knoxfield, Vic.: Houghton Mifflin, 1983.

The Penguin Book of Australian Verse. Ed. Harry Heseltine. Ringwood, Vic.: Penguin, 1972.

The Faber Book of Modern Australian Verse. Ed. Vincent Buckley. London: Faber, 1991.

The Faber Book of Contemporary Australian Short Stories. Ed. Murray Bail. London: Faber, 1988.


New Zealand

Some Other Country: New Zealand`s Best Stories. Eds. Marion McLeod and Bill Manhire. Wellington: Unwin Paperbacks, 1984.

Into the World of Light: An Anthology of Maori Writing. Eds. Witi Ihimaera and D.S. Long. Auckland: Heinemann, 1982.

The Oxford Book of New Zealand Short Stories. Ed. Vincent O‘Sullivan. Auckland: OUP, 1992.

The Penguin Book of New Zealand Verse. Eds Ian Wedde and Harvey McQueen. Auckland: Penguin, 1985.

An Anthology of Twentieth-Century New Zealand Poetry. Ed. Vincent O'Sullivan. Auckland: OUP, 1988.



Großbritannien und Irland

Evans, Ifor. A Short History of English Literature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 41976.

Kosok, Heinz. Geschichte der anglo-irischen Literatur. Berlin: Schmidt, 1990.

Seeber, Hans Ulrich (ed.). Englische Literaturgeschichte. Stuttgart: Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1991.



Bercovitch, Sacvan (ed.). The Cambridge History of American Literature, Vol.2: Prose Writing, 1820-1865. Cambridge [et al.]: CUP, 1993.

Bercovitch, Sacvan and Cyrus Patell (eds.). The Cambridge History of American Literature, Vol. 1: 1590- 1820. Cambridge: CUP, 1994.

Elliot, Emery (ed.). Columbia Literary History of the United States. N.Y.: Columbia UP, 1988.

Ruland, Richard and Malcolm Bradbury, (eds.). From Puritanism to Postmodernism: A History of American Literature. London [et al.]: Routledge, 1991.

Zapf, Hubert (ed.). Amerikanische Literaturgeschichte. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1997.



Klinck, Carl F. (ed.). Literary History of Canada. Canadian Literature in English, 4 vols. Toronto, 1965-1990.



Hergenhan, Laurie (ed.). The Penguin New Literary History of Australia. Ringwood,Vict.: Penguin,1988.


New Zealand

Evans, Patrick. The Penguin History of New Zealand Literature. Auckland: Penguin, 1990.


3. Sprachwissenschaft

Diese Studienempfehlungen bestehen aus drei Listen:


für das GRUNDSTUDIUM und für die Vorbereitung auf die Zwischenprüfung



 für das HAUPTSTUDIUM und für die Vorbereitung auf das Staatsexamen oder die Magisterprüfung



3. eine Liste einiger "CLASSICS" der Linguistik.




Diese Liste

- besteht aus LEHRBÜCHERN, die für ANFÄNGER/INNEN in der Sprachwissenschaft geeignet sind

- ist als EINSTIEGSHILFE in verschiedene Gebiete der Sprachwissenschaft gedacht

- ist kurz: sie empfiehlt meistens nur ZWEI ODER DREI Lehrbücher in jeder Kategorie

- wird also von detaillierteren Empfehlungen in Seminaren ergänzt

- ist der ANFANG, nicht das Ende!


1. Einführungen in die Linguistik


Allgemeiner Überblick über die Sprachwissenschaft

Einen recht aktuellen, kommentierten Überblick über für die Anglistik relevante sprachwissenschaftliche Literatur gibt:

Reichl, K. (1993) Englische Sprachwissenschaft. Eine Bibliographie. Berlin: Schmidt.

Nickel, G. (1985) Einführung in die Linguistik: Entwicklung, Probleme, Methoden. 2. Aufl. Berlin: Schmidt.

Dirven, R., W. Hünig, W. Kühlwein, G. Radden & J. Strauß (1985) Die Leistungen der Linguistik für den Englischunterricht. 2. Aufl. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Pinker, S. (1994) The Language Instinct. London: Allen Lane.

Radford, A. et al. (1999) Linguistics: An Introduction. Cambridge: CUP.

Sampson, G. (1980) Schools of Linguistics. London: Hutchinson.

Yule, G. (1996) The Study of Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge: CUP.


2. Die Struktur des Gegenwärtigen Englischen

Phonologische Beschreibungen

Brown, G. (1990) Listening to Spoken English. 2nd ed. London: Longman. [On British English.]

Bauer, L. et al. (1980) American English Pronunciation. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.


Grammatische Beschreibungen

Close, R.A. (1975) A Reference Grammar for Students of English. London: Longman.

Eggins, S. (1994) Introduction to Systemic Functional Grammar. London: Pinter.

Greenbaum, S. & R. Quirk (1990) A Student's Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.

Leech, G. & J. Svartvik (1994) A Communicative Grammar of English. 2nd ed. London: Longman.


3. Geschichte der Englischen Sprache

C Barber (1993) The English Language: A Historical Introduction. Cambridge: CUP.

Baugh, A.C. & T. Cable (1993) A History of the English Language. 4th ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Berndt, R. (1982) A History of the English Language. Leipzig: VEB Verlag Enzyklopädie. [Entspr. Teile in allen 5 Kap.]

Brunner, K. (1960/62) Die englische Sprache. 2. Aufl., 2 Bde. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Leith, D. (1983) A Social History of English. London: Routledge.

Faiß, K. (1989) Englische Sprachgeschichte. Tübingen: Francke.

See also below under Medieval Studies


4. Gebiete der Theoretischen und Angewandten Linguistik


Phonetik / Phonologie

Clark, J.E. & C. Yallop (1990) An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Scherer, G. & A. Wollmann (1986) Englische Phonetik und Phonologie. 3. Aufl. Berlin: Schmidt.


Morphologie und Lexikologie / Semantik

Aitchison, J. (1987) Words in the Mind. Oxford: Blackwell.

Carter, R. (1987) Vocabulary. London: Allen & Unwin. 

Leech, G. (1981) Semantics. 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Leisi, E. (1985) Praxis der englischen Semantik. 2 Aufl. Heidelberg: Winter.



Brown, E. & J. Miller (1980) Syntax: A Linguistic Introduction to Sentence Structure. London: Hutchinson.

Palmer, F. (1971) Grammar. Harmondsworth: Penguin.


Pragmatik / Diskursanalyse und Textanalyse

Brown, G. & G. Yule (1983) Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: CUP.

Channell, J. (1994) Vague Language. Oxford: OUP.

Mey, J. (1993) Pragmatics: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell. 

Stubbs, M. (1996) Text and Corpus Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.


Angewandte Linguistik / Fremdsprachenunterricht

Corder, S.P. (1973) Introducing Applied Linguistics. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Davies, A. (1999) An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP.

Kühlwein, W. & A. Raasch, eds (1990) Angewandte Linguistik Heute. Frankfurt: Lang.

Richards, C. & T.S. Rodgers (1986) Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: CUP.



Hughes, A. & P. Trudgill (1987) English Accents and Dialects. 2nd ed. London: Arnold.

Trudgill, P. (1991) The Dialects of England. London: Longman.


Historische Vergleichende Linguistik

Renfrew, C. (1987) Archaeology and Language. The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins. Harmondsworth: Penguin.


Kontrastive Linguistik

Hellinger, M. (1977) Kontrastive Grammatik Deutsch-Englisch. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Hellinger, M. (1990) Kontrastive feministische Linguistik: Mechanismen sprachlicher Diskriminierung im Englischen und Deutschen. München: Hueber.

Odlin, T. (1989) Language Transfer. Cross-Linguistik Influence in Language Learning. Cambridge: CUP.


Language and Gender

Cameron, D. (1992) Feminism and Linguistic Theory. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan.

Coates, J. (1986) Women, Men and Language. London: Longman.

Graddoll, D. & J. Swann (1989) Gender Voices. Oxford: Blackwell.



Aitchison, J. (1989) The Articulate Mammal. 3rd ed. London: Hutchinson.

Lakoff, G. & M. Johnson (1980) Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University Press.



Hudson, R.A. (1996) Sociolinguistics. 2nd ed. Cambridge: CUP.

Milroy, J. & L. (1989) Authority in Language.2nd ed. London: Routledge.

Trudgill, P. (1995) Sociolinguistics. 3rd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin.



Widdowson, H.G. (1975) Stylistics and the Teaching of Literature. London: Longman.

Widdowson, H.G. (1992) Practical Stylistics. Oxford: OUP.



Baker, M. (1992) In Other Words. London: Routledge.

Gentzler, E. (1993) Contemporary Translation Theories. London: Routledge.

Newmark, P. (1988) A Textbook of Translation. London: Prentice Hall.


Varietäten des Englischen

Bhatia, V. (1993) Analysing Genre. London: Longman.

Crystal, D. & D. Davy (1969) Investigating English Style. London: Longman.

O'Donnell, W.R. & L. Todd (1991) Variety in Contemporary English. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.

Stubbs, M. (1980) Language and Literacy. London: RKP.

Trudgill, P. & J. Hannah (1994) International English. 3rd ed. London: Arnold.



Crystal, D. (1987) The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: CUP.

Crystal, D.(1992) An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Language and Languages. Oxford: Blackwell.

Crystal, D. (1995) Encyclopedia of the English Language. Cambridge: CUP.

Trask, R.L. (1993) A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. London: Routledge.





Im Hauptstudium wird erwartet:

- eine umfassendere Auswahl aus den oben aufgelisteten Kategorien

- Kenntnisse der Primärwerke von z.B. Saussure, Bloomfield, Chomsky, Austin, Searle, Halliday.

Es folgen also zwei entsprechende Listen. Diese Listen:

- sind auch kurz: sie empfehlen meistens nur ZWEI ODER DREI Bücher in jeder Kategorie

- werden also von detaillierteren Empfehlungen in Seminaren ergänzt

- sind auch nicht das Ende!


Lehrbücher für das HAUPTSTUDIUM

1. Einführungen in die Linguistik

Allgemeiner Überblick über die Sprachwissenschaft

Beaugrande, (1991) Linguistic Theory. The Discourse of Fundamental Works. London: Longman.

Helbig, G. (1974) Geschichte der neueren Sprachwissenschaft. Reinbek: rororo

Helbig, G. (1984) Entwicklung der Sprachwissenschaft seit 1970. Leipzig:1988.

Newmeyer, F.J. (1980) Linguistic Theory in America. New York: Academic Press.

Robins, R.H. (1967) A Short History of Linguistics. London: Longman.


2. Die Struktur des Gegenwärtigen Englischen

Allgemeine Werke: Funktionen und Formen der nationalen Varietäten

Cheshire, J. ed. (1991) English around the World. Cambridge: CUP.

Ferguson, C.A. & S. Brice Heath eds. (1981) Language in the USA. Cambridge: CUP.

Trudgill, P. ed. (1984) Language in the British Isles. Cambridge: CUP.


Phonologische Beschreibungen

Gimson, A.C. (1989) An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English. 4th ed, revised S. Ramsaran. London: Arnold.

Wells, J.C. (1982) Accents of English. 3 vols. Cambridge: CUP.


Grammatische Beschreibungen

Palmer, F. (1988) The English Verb. 2nd ed. London: Longman.

Sinclair, J.M. ed. (1990) Collins Cobuild English Grammar. London: Collins.


3. Geschichte der Englischen Sprache

Blake, F. (1996) A History of the English Language. London: Macmillan.

Jones, C. (1989) A History of English Phonology. London: Longman.

Milroy, J. (1992) Linguistic Variation and Change. Oxford: Blackwell.

Strang, B.M.H. (1970) A History of English. London: Methuen.

See also below under Medieval Studies


4. Gebiete der Theoretischen und Angewandten Linguistik

Phonetik / Phonologie

Katamba, F. (1989) An Introduction to Phonology. London: Longman.

Knowles, G. (1987) Patterns of Spoken English. London: Longman.

Kreider, C. (1989) The Pronunciation of English. Oxford: Blackwell.



Bauer, L. (1983) English Word Formation. Cambridge: CUP.

Matthews, P.H. (1991) Morphology. 2nd ed. London: CUP.

Spencer, A. (1991) Morphological Theory. Oxford: Blackwell.



Cruse, D. (1986) Lexical Semantics. Cambridge: CUP.

Gläser, R. (1986) Phraseologie der englischen Sprache. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Lipka, L. (1990) An Outline of English Lexicology. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Sinclair, J.M. ed. (1987) Looking Up. London: Collins.



Halliday, M.A.K. (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar 2nd ed. London: Arnold.

Huddleston, R. (1984) Introduction to the Grammar of English. Cambridge: CUP.


Semantik / Pragmatik / Diskursanalyse / Textanalyse

Leech, G. (1983) Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman.

Levinson, S. (1983) Pragmatics. Cambridge: CUP.

Lyons, J. (1995) Linguistic Semantics. Cambridge: CUP.

Schiffrin, D. (1994) Approaches to Discourse. Oxford: Blackwell.


Angewandte Linguistik / Fremdsprachenunterricht

Celce-Murcia, M. & D. Larsen-Freeman (1999) The Grammar Book: An ESL/EFL Teacher’s Course. 2nd ed. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Ellis, R. (1994) The Study of second Language Acquisition. Oxford: OUP

Gass, S. & L. Selinker (1994) Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Spolsky, B. (1989) Conditions for Second Language Learning. Oxford: OUP.

Tomic, O.M. & R. Shuy eds. (9187) The Relation of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. New York: Plenum Press.



Aijmer, K. & B. Altenberg (1991) English Corpus Linguistics. London: Longman.

Sinclair, J.M. (1991) Corpus, Concordance, Collocation. Oxford: OUP.


Critical Linguistics

Fairclough, N. (1989) Language and Power. London: Longman.

Fairclough, N. (1992) Discourse and Social Change. Oxford: Polity.

Fowler, R. (1991) Language in the News. London: Routledge.



Chambers, J.K. & P. Trudgill (1980) Dialectology. Cambridge: CUP.

Romaine, S. (1988) Pidgin and Creole Languages. London: Longman.


Historische Vergleichende Linguistik

Bynon, T. (1977) Historical Linguistics. Cambridge: CUP.


Kontrastive Linguistik

Connor, U. (1996) Contrastive Rhetoric: Cross-Cultural Aspects of Second-Language Writing. Cambridge: CUP.

James, C. (1980) Contrastive Analysis. London: Longman.


Kognitive Linguistik

Lakoff, G. (1987) Women, Fire and Dangerous Things. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Taylor, J. (1989) Linguistic Categorization. Oxford: Clarendon.



Garman, M. (1990) Psycholinguistics. Cambridge: CUP.



Alladina, S. & V. Edwards eds. (1991) Multilingualism in the British Isles. London: Longman.

Fasold, R. (1984) The Sociolinguistics of Society. Oxford: Blackwell.

Fasold, R. (1990) The Sociolinguistics of Language. Oxford: Blackwell.



Interessante Bücher, die in keine andere Kategorie passen!

Aitchison, J. (1991) Language Change: Progress or Decay. Cambridge: CUP.

Pullum, G. (1991) The Great Eskimo Vocabulary Hoax. Chicago: Chicago UP.



Collinge, N.E. ed. (1990) An Encyclopedia of Language. London: RKP.

Malmkjaer, K. ed. (1991) The Linguistics Encyclopedia. London: Routledge.

Newmeyer, F. ed. (1988) Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey. 4 Vols. Cambridge: CUP.

Wales, K. (1989) A Dictionary of Stylistics. London: Longman.




1. Allgemeiner Überblick über die Sprachwissenschaft

Bloomfield, L. (1933) Language. London: Allen & Unwin. 1935.

Bühler, K. (1934) Sprachtheorie. Stuttgart: Fischer. 1965. (Neudruck 1982.)

Firth, J.R. (1930-37) Tongues of Men and Speech. London: OUP. 1966.

Lyons, J. (1968) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. London : CUP.

Sapir, E. (1921) Language. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World.

Saussure, F. de (1916) Cours de Linguistique Générale. Paris: Payot.


2. Die Struktur des Gegenwärtigen Englischen


Phonologische Beschreibungen

Chomsky, N. & M. Halle (1968) The Sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper & Row.

Jones, D. (1918) An Outline of English Phonetics. 3rd ed. Leipzig: Teubner. 1932.


Grammatische Beschreibungen

Fries, C.C. (1954) The Structure of English. New York: Harcourt & Brace.

Halliday, M.A.K. & R. Hasan (1976) Cohesion in English. London: Longman.

Jespersen, O. (1938) Growth and Structure of the English Language. Leipzig: Teubner.

Quirk, R. et al. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.


3. Geschichte der Englischen Sprache

Wyld, H.C. (1914) A Short History of English. London: Murray.

See also below under Medieval Studies


4. Gebiete der Theoretischen und Angewandten Linguistik


Phonetik / Phonologie

Abercrombie, D. (1967) Elements of General Phonetics. Edinburgh: University Press.

Jones, D. (1950) The Phoneme: its Nature and Use. 3rd ed 1967. Cambridge: Heffer.

Trubetzkoy, N.S. (1939) Grundzüge der Phonologie. Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Prague.



Marchand, H. (1969) The Categories and Types of Present-Day English Word-Formation. 2nd ed. Munich: Beck.

Nida, E. (1967) Morphology. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.



Chomsky, N. (1957) Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton.

Chomsky, N. (1965) Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Halliday, M.A.K. (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar. 2nd ed. London: Arnold.


Semantik / Pragmatik

Austin, J.L. (1962) How to do Things with Words. London: OUP.

Searle, J.R. (1969) Speech Acts. London: CUP.

Ullmann, S. (1957) The Principles of Semantics. 2nd ed 1959. Oxford: Blackwell.



Chomsky, N. (1968) Language and Mind. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.

Whorf, B.L. (1956) Language, Thought and Reality. Ed J B Carroll. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.



Gumperz, J.J. & D. Hymes eds. (1972) Directions in Sociolinguistics. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Labov, W. (1972) Sociolinguistic Patterns. Philadelphia: U Pennsylvania Press.



Orton, H. & N. Wright (1974) A Word Geography of England. London: Seminar Press.

Schuchardt, H. (1909) The Lingua Franca. In G. Gilbert ed. Pidgin and Creole Languages. London: CUP. 1980: 65-88.


Historische Vergleichende Linguistik

Osthoff, H. & K. Brugmann (1878) Einleitung. In Morphologische Untersuchungen auf dem Gebiet der indogermanischen Sprachen. [The "Neogram-marian Manifesto".] Leipzig.


Kontrastive Linguistik

Lado, R. (1957) Linguistics across Cultures. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press.


Angewandte Linguistik / Fremdsprachenunterricht

Allen,J.P.B, S. P. Corder & A. Davies eds. (1973-74) The Edinburgh Course in Applied Linguistics. 4 vols. London: OUP.

Halliday, M.A.K. et al. (1964) The Linguistic Sciences and Language Teaching. London: Longman.

Lado, R. (1964) Language Teaching: a Scientific Approach. Boston: McGraw-Hill.





Dürmüller, U. & H. Utz (1974) Mittelenglisch. Eine Einführung. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Ford, B. (1988) Medieval Britain. The Cambridge Cultural History. Cambridge: CUP.

Mitchell, B. (1995) An Invitation to Old English and Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Blackwell.

Platt, C. (1978) Medieval England. A Social History and Archaeology from the Conquest to 1600 AD. London: Routledge.



Literaturgeschichte des Mittelalters

Boitani, P. & J. Mann eds. (1986) The Cambridge Chaucer Companion. Cambridge: CUP.

Godden, M. & M Lapidge eds. (1991) The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature. Cambridge: CUP.

Göller, K.H. (1971) Geschichte der altenglischen Literatur. Berlin: Schmidt.

Schirmer, W.F. (1983) Geschichte der englischen und amerikanischen Literatur. Studienausgabe I,1: Die altenglische Zeit- Die mittelenglische Zeit. 6. Aufl. Tübingen: Niemeyer.


Kultur- und Sozialgeschichte

Johnson, S. (1982) Later Roman Britain. London: Paladin Grafton.

Laing, L. & J. Laing (1982) Anglo-Saxon England. London: Paladin Grafton.

Morpurgo, J.E. ed. The Pelican History of England. London: Penguin Books.

  • Vol. I: I. Richmond Roman Britain
  • Vol. II: D. Whitelock The Beginnings of English Society
  • Vol III: D.M Stenton English Society in the Early Middle Ages
  • Vol. IV: A.R. Myers England in the Late Middle Ages 
  • Vol. V: S.T. Bindoff Tudor England

Wilkinson, B. (1969) The Later Middle Ages in England, 1216-1485. Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex: Longman.


Textausgaben und Anthologien der Altenglischen Periode

Endter, W. ed. (1964) König Alfreds des Großen Bearbeitung der Soliloquien des Augustinus. Hamburg: Grand.

Kaiser, R. ed. (1961) Medieval English: An Old and Middle English Anthology. Berlin: Kaiser.

Krapp, G.P. & E.V.K. Dobbie eds. (1930-53) The Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records. NY/London.

Lehnert, M. ed. (1966) Poetry and Prose of the Anglo-Saxons. Bd. 1. Halle.

Skeat, W.W. ed. (1881-1900) Aelfric's Lives of the Saints. EETS 76, 82, 94, 114. Reprint 1966, London: OUP.

Sweet, H. ed. (1959, reprint) King Alfred's Orosius. EETS 79. Oxford: OUP.

Whitelock, D. ed. (1939, rpt. 1967) Sermo Lupi ad Anglos. London: Methuen.

Whitelock, D. ed. ([15th impr.] 1967) Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Reader in Prose and Verse. Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Textausgaben und Anthologien der Mittelenglischen Periode

Die Gliederung der umfangreichen mittelenglischen Literatur ist recht problematisch, wie ein Blick in verschiedene einschlägige Literaturgeschichten zeigt, die allesamt unterschiedliche Gliederungsprinzipien anwenden. Die folgende Liste versucht, aus der breiten Palette der me. Literatur eine einigermaßen repräsentative Auswahl zu treffen: sie umfaßt Vers- und Prosa-Chroniken, religiöse Versepik und Prosa, Romanzen, Breton Lays, Lyrik, Balladen, mittelalterliche Dramen etc. Entsprechend den Empfehl-ungen der Trierer Anglistik sollten zum Staatsexamen etwa 5.000 Zeilen me. Text (Poesie und/oder Prosa) ausgewählt werden. Sprechen Sie am besten mit Ihrem Prüfer im Fachteil Sprachwissenschaft/Mediävistik vor der endgültigen Wahl Ihrer Examenstexte.

Achten Sie bei der Auswahl Ihrer Texte auf folgende Kriterien

- chronologische Einordnung

- Poesie vs. Prosa

- weltliche vs. geistliche Dichtung / Gattungszugehörigkeit

- regionale Herkunft der Texte.


Peterborough Chronicle

Lyamon's Brut

Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle

Robert Mannyng of Brunne's Chronicle

John Trevisa's Transl. of Ranulph Higden's Polychronicon

John Barbour Bruce


Ancrene Riwle

The Book of Vices and Virtues

Dan Michael of Northgate Ayenbyte of Inwyt


Cursor Mundi

Robert Mannyng Handlyng Synne

Richard Rolle of Hampole The Form of Living

The Book of Margery Kempe

The Owl and the Nightingale

King Hor


Richard Coer de Lyon

Kyng Alisaunder

The Seege of Troy

Morte Arthure

Ywain and Gawain

Sir Gawayne and the Grene Knight

The Pearl

William Langland Piers the Plowman

John Gower Confessio Amantis

Geoffrey Chaucer The Booke of The Duchesse

House of Fame

Troilus and Criseyde

The Parlement of Foules

The Canterbury Tales

John Lydgate The Fall of Princes

Thomas Hoccleve The Regiment of Princes

Robert Henryson Fables



Auswahl aus Harley Lyrics; Oxford Book of Carols o.ä.



Auswahl aus Child, F.J. (ed.) The English and Scottish Popular Ballads

Sargent, H.C. & G.L. Kittredge A Book of British Ballads o.ä. (z.B. Robin-Hood-Balladen; Chronikballaden etc.)


Miracle (oder Mystery) Plays

Auswahl aus den York Plays; Chester Plays; Coventry Plays; Towneley Plays (z.B. Shepherd's Plays)


Morality Plays

The Castle of Perseverance




The Travels of Sir John Mandeville

John Wyclif's translation of the Bible

Thomas Malory Morte Darthur

William Caxton Eneydos-Übersetzung (e.g. Prolog)



Abrams, M.H. et al. eds. (1986) The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: Norton. Vol.1.

Alexander, M. & F. Riddy eds. (1989) Macmillan Anthologies of English Literature: The Middle Ages (700-1550). Houndmills et al : Macmillan

Bennett, J.A.W. & G.V. Smithers eds. (1968) Early Middle English Verse and Prose. 2nd ver. ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Bergner, H. ed. (1986) Die englische Literatur in Text und Darstellung: Mittelalter. Stuttgart: Reclam.

Chambers, R.W. & M. Daunt, eds. (1967) A Book of London English 1384-1425. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Prosa]

Chaucer-Gesamtausgabe: L D Benson ed (1988) The Riverside Chaucer. Oxford: OUP.

Fisher, J.H. & D. Bornstein, eds. (1984) In Forme of Speche is Chaunge. Readings in the history of the English language. Lanham: UPA. [Textproben aus allen Perioden.]

Ford, B. ed. (1982) Medieval Literature: Chaucer and the alliterative tradition. The New Pelican Guide to English Literature, 1. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Gray, D. ed. (1985) The Oxford Book of Late Medieval Verse and Prose. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Gray, D. ed. (1986) J.A.W. Bennett: Middle English Literature. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Heffernan, T.J. ed. (1985) The Popular Literature of Medieval England. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press.

Lehnert, M. ed. & transl. (1980) Hier hatte ich einst viel Pläsier. Volkstümliche englische Dichtung des Mittelalters. Leipzig: Insel-Verlag.