The main research areas of the sinology faculty are older and modern intellectual or cultural history (represented by Prof. Dr. Christian Soffel) as well as the state, culture and society of modern China with a focus on digital media (represented by Prof. Dr. Kristin Shi-Kupfer).

For the purpose of academic dialogue, the University of Trier regularly exchanges specialist staff and students with its partner universities in Wuhan, Xiamen, Shanghai and Taipei.