Canadian Métis

Projektförderung: IRTG Diversity (DFG)
Laufzeit: seit 2013

Forschungskontext: Diversität, Siedlerkolonialismus, Resilienz

The IRTG Diversity analyzes politics, practices and narratives of diversity with a special focus on transcultural socio- and geo-spaces. These spaces of diversity are often the outcome of migration and mobility and the result of movements and connections transcending politically bounded territories. With the help of concepts such as placemaking, belonging, and space, the International Research Training Group analyzes the spatial orders of difference. Together with two doctoral students – Christoph Laugs and Lisa Schaub – Ursula Lehmkuhl investigates the negotiation and mediation of difference in the Red River region of present day Manitoba, the historic homeland of the Red River Métis. We analyze the interaction processes between the Indigenous population, Métis and White Canadian settlers in the Red River region on a micro-historical level. We are interested in the quotidian practices of diversity, thus taking power relations and violence as constitutive elements of processes of placemaking into account. We argue that these practices are intricately interwoven with narratives of diversity. It is therefore necessary to identify and deconstruct the multiple, often conflicting historiographical narratives of the appropriation of space, of processes of placemaking and of memories of belonging (dissertation Christoph Laugs). This will provide insights for a reconceptualization of how “Empire, Nation and Region” practiced colonialism in the 19th and 20th century.

We distinguish three core periods of Canadian Métis history: first their nation-building efforts during the early 19th century, from the 1820s to 1870s; second we look at how the interwoven processes of territorialization and racialization in the last third of the 19th century led to their exclusion from both the Euro-Canadian and the indigenous social and cultural context (dissertation Lisa Schaub); and thirdly we analyze the period of the renaissance of the Métis from the 1970s onward with a special emphasis on changing narratives of placemaking and belonging in the Red River region and their impact on the recognition of the Red River region as a historic Métis homeland.

Publikationen

Klooss, Wolfgang (2016): "From Seven Oaks to Batoche: Métis Resistance in History and Narrative", in: TransCanadiana: Polish Journal of Canadian Studies 8, Special Issue: Canadian Sites of Resistance: Solidarity – Struggle – Change, 25-51.

Laugs, Christoph (2016): “An Ongoing Ethnogenesis? Examining the Evolution of the Métis”, in: Left History 19:2, 93‐104.

Lehmkuhl, Ursula (2016): "Paradoxes of Resistance and Resilience: The Pitfalls of Métis Renaissance since the 1970s", in: Transcanadiana: Polish Journal of Canadian Studies 8, Special Issue: Canadian Sites of Resistance: Solidarity – Struggle – Change, 52-72.