Die Professuren für Neueste und für Internationale Geschichte laden herzlich ein zum Präsenz-Vortrag in unserem Kolloquium von
Jeremiah O. Arowosegbe (Berlin)
Autochthony, democratization and state building in Nigeria
Mittwoch, 25. Januar 2023, 18.00 Uhr c.t., in Raum A 8
Territorial struggles affect the manner in which political authority is constituted and legitimized throughout the world. In Africa, such struggles affect democratization and state building. However, their impacts on the trajectories of power and the state have not received the attention deserved in the literature on political development and state building in Africa. In majoritarian agrarian societies, land tenure shapes economic and political dynamics. Conflicts over land and struggles over access to the key resources of agricultural production––fertile soils, green vegetation and water––are widespread throughout Africa and are likely to intensify in the light of ongoing climate change-induced production constraints to agriculture and pastoralism. While such constraints are best appreciated by examining the contexts and experiences of individual states, land and land rights together with the contentions over land laws, land reforms and the struggles towards democratizing land rights constitute a vantage point for understanding these societies. We draw on archival and ethnographic data on the farmer-herder conflicts between Hausa-Fulani pastoralists as well as Tiv and Yoruba agriculturalists in Tivland and Yorubaland, over land and water resources, and examined how the struggles over agricultural resources, governance and political power shaped the violent transformations in colonial and post-colonial Nigeria.